Anna Maria Goldsmid
Privately educated, she was an expert linguist, studying Italian with Dante Gabriel Rossetti. She also learnt French, German and Hebrew, studying the latter with Hyman Hurwitz. Her English literary tutor was Thomas Campbell.
Born an Orthodox Jew, she remained throughout her life very observant. However, she resented the powerlessness of women in Orthodox synagogues, and supported the West London Synagogue in the hope that it would give women a more active role in Jewish religious life.
Anna Maria Goldsmid devoted much time to educational matters, in which she developed a nationally recognised expertise. She founded the Jews' infants' school, London (1841), and re-established the Jews' Deaf and Dumb Home (1863). She was a patroness of University College Hospital and the Homoeopathic Hospital, both in London.
- English translation, entitled "The Development of the Religious Idea", by Ludwig Philippsohn (1855)
- English translation, entitled "The Deicides: Analysis of the Life of Jesus", of the refutation, by J. Cohen of Marseilles, of the view that the Jews were Christ-killers (1872)
- English translation, entitled "Persecution of the Jews of Roumania, by a friend of his country, his people, and of liberty" (1872)
- Translation into English of the Prussian educational code (1872)
- Many pamphlets on educational questions