Anne Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton

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Anne Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton (1720 – 9 March 1771) formerly Anne Spencer, was the third wife of James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton.

She was the daughter of Edward Spencer of Rendlesham, Suffolk, where she was born.[1] Thus she was the sister of Elizabeth Spencer, later the wife of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet,[2] and the aunt of the future Anne Stewart, Countess of Galloway.

His second wife having died in 1729, the duke married Anne Spencer on 21 August 1737. They had three children:

The duke died in 1743, aged 40, and was initially succeeded by James, his 21-year-old son from his first marriage. The duchess remarried on 24 December 1751, her second husband being Richard Savage Nassau, a son of Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein, 3rd Earl of Rochford. She retained the status of dowager duchess.[6]

They had three children:

  • Lucy Nassau de Zuylestein (1752–1830), who died unmarried
  • William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 5th Earl of Rochford (1754–1830), who died unmarried[7]
  • George Richard Savage Nassau (1756–1823), who died unmarried

The duchess died in 1771 and was buried at Easton, Suffolk, under the terms of her will. The Spencer family estates passed to her elder son, Archibald, who later inherited the dukedom from the son of his half-brother.[6]


  1. ^ George Naylor, The Register's of Thorrington (n.n.: n.n., 1888)
  2. ^ Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003. Page 1514.
  3. ^ Announcements, The Times, London, U.K., 27 March 1789.
  4. ^ Edmund Burke (1824). Annual Register. pp. 2–.
  5. ^ Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes. Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999. Page 1284.
  6. ^ a b Edward Cave; John Nichols (1821). The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, for the Year ... Edw. Cave, 1736-[1868].
  7. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XI, page 55