Annibaldi family

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The Annibaldi were a powerful baronal family of Rome and the Lazio in the Middle Ages. It began to rise to prominence in the 13th century with the favour of Popes Gregory IX and Alexander IV, in the hollow left by the Counts of Tusculum. In the late years of the same century they were however overwhelmed by the Caetani.

The family's most outstanding figure was Riccardo Annibaldi (1210-1276),[1] who was created cardinal in 1237 by Gregory IX,[2] and bought the fief of Molara. Other family lines than that originated by Riccardo where those of Monte Compatri, Castel Zancato and of the Coliseum. Riccardo was the first protector of the Augustinian Order.

Another cardinal of the family was Annibaldo degli Annibaldi, OP (1230c.-1272c.), who completed his preliminary studies at the Santa Sabina studium conventuale, and later was sent to the studium generale of the Dominican Order at Paris c. 1255.[3] Annibaldo was an associate of Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas. Thomas dedicated his Catena aurea, which was written while he lived at the Santa Sabina studium, to Annibaldo Annibaldi. Annibaldo was named Master of the Sacred Palace by Pope Innocent IV in 1246. He was named a cardinal in the Consistory of May, 1262, and died in 1272.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Agostino Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254 Volume I, p. 149, says that he died on September 4, 1276. According to the "Liber Annualium di S. Spirito in Saxia," his anniversary was on October 4: P. Egidi (ed.), Necrologi e libri affini della Provincia romana, I, 152.
  2. ^ Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi I, editio altera (Monasterii 1913), p. 6.
  3. ^ "D'altra parte, fonti anche antiche affermano che l'A., entrato ancor giovane tra i domenicani nel convento romano di S. Sabina, dopo i primi studi - verosimilmente già sacerdote - fu inviato per i gradi accademici a Parigi e qui la sua presenza è accertata solo dopo il 1255." http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/annibaldo-annibaldi_(Dizionario-Biografico)/ Accessed June 22, 2011
  4. ^ Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi I, editio altera (Monasterii 1913), p. 8. Antonio Senensi, OP, Chronicon Fratrum Ordinis Praedicatorum (Paris 1585) 114 and 157: "Hoc tempore etiam frater Annibaldus Romanus ex magistro sacri Palatii, per Urbanum Quartum Cardinalis factus, sub titulo 12 Apostol. vir fuit eruditionis eximiae, & vitae probatissimae. Obiit in Vrbe Veteri, anno Domini 1272, et ibi requescit in conventu nostro."

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fedele Savio, SJ, "Gli Annibaldi di Roma nel secolo XIII," Studi e documenti di storia e diritto 17 (1896) 353-363.
  • Francis Roth, OESA, "Il Cardinale Riccardo Annibaldi, Primo Prottetore dell' Ordine Agostiniano," Augustiniana 2 (1952) 26-60.
  • Francis X. Roth, Cardinal Richard Annibaldi, first protector of the Augustinian Order, 1243-1276 : a study of the order before and after its Great Union in 1256 (Louvain: Nova et Vetera, 1952-1954).
  • Robert Brentano, Rome Before Avignon: A Social History of Thirteenth Century Rome (New York: Basic Books 1974).
  • Marc Dikmans, "D' Innocent III à Boniface VIII. Histoire des Conti et des Annibaldi," Bulletin de l' Institut historique belge de Rome 45 (1975) 19-211.
  • Sandro Carocci, Baroni di Roma: Dominazioni signorili e lignaggi aristocratici nel Ducento e nel primo Trecento (Roma: Istituto storico italiano per il Medio Evo, 1993) [Collection de l'École française de Rome, 181].
  • Mathias Thumser, Rom und der römische Adel in der späten Stauferzeit (Tübingen: Niemeyer 1995).
  • Sandro Carocci, La nobiltà romana nel medioevo (Rome: Ecole française de Rome, 2006).
  • Valter Lori, Storia di famiglie romane (Valter Lori 2015).