Anse au Foulon is a small cove in Quebec, Canada. It was located about one and one-half miles above Quebec City, in the formerly independent town of Sillery, until the 1st of January 2002, as part of the 2000–06 municipal reorganization in Quebec. Since that date, Anse au Foulon and Sillery (reconstituted as a neighbourhood (quartier)) have been officially located in Quebec City.
The cove was known and referred to as Wolfe's Cove by Sillery's once-sizable English-speaking population. The first written reference to this appellation pertains to the event which took place at the cove and its cliff in 1759.
On the night of 12 September 1759, and early morning hours on the 13th, British forces commanded by James Wolfe landed at Anse au Foulon, prior to proceeding to the Plains of Abraham, where they engaged and defeated the French forces commanded by the Marquis de Montcalm, resulting in the occupation of Quebec City, and the subsequent signing of the Treaty of Paris (1763). The treaty marked Great Britain's victory over France and Spain, during the Seven Years' War, and stipulated France's ceding of New France east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain.
The etymology of the toponym originates from a fulling mill (French: foulon) that the Séminaire de Québec built in 1710, at the base of the cliff which met the cove. The mill's workers traveled on a path that became known as Foulon path (chemin du Foulon), as well as its plural (des Foulons). Despite the closure of the mill in 1734, the toponym of Foulon persisted. It was not until 1924, that the town of Sillery adopted the name of chemin du Foulon (also referred to a Cove Road) for the path turned into road.
On 5 December 1968, the Commission de toponymie du Québec recognized Wolfe's Cove as the topographic feature's official name; however, this decision was superseded on 17 August 1978, when the commission recognized Anse au Foulon as the official name.
- Provost, Honorius (June 1974). "L'Anse du Foulon : un cas de toponymie". Revue d'histoire de l'Amérique française (in French). 28 (1): 67–76. doi:10.7202/303329ar. ISSN 0035-2357.
- "Patrimoine / Toponymie / Fiche : Foulon". www.ville.quebec.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- "Patrimoine / Découvrir les quartiers de Québec / Sillery / Points d'intérêt / Anse au Foulon". www.ville.quebec.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- Bélanger, Claude (January 2005). "Quebec History". L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- Graves, Donald E. (2004). "The Anse au Foulon, 1759: Some New Theories and Some New Evidence" (PDF). The Northern Mariner / Le marin du nord (PDF). 14 (4): 61–72. ISSN 1183-112X. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- Commission de toponymie du Québec. "Fiche descriptive : Anse au Foulon". www.toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- Natural Resources Canada. "Place names: Wolfe's Cove". www4.rncan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- Natural Resources Canada. "Place names: Anse au Foulon". www4.rncan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
- Lawrence J. Burpee, The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Canadian History, London and Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1926, 699 p., p. 692.
- Rickard, J. (1 November 2000), Louis-Joseph Montcalm (1712-1759), http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_montcalm.html
- Media related to Anse au Foulon at Wikimedia Commons
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