António Luís de Meneses, 1st Marquis of Marialva

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António Luís de Meneses
Marquis of Marialva, Count of Cantanhede
Retrato de D. António Luis de Menezes, 1º marquês de Marialva.jpg
Full name
António Luís de Meneses
Born13 December 1596
Died16 August 1675
Noble familyMeneses
Pedro António de Menezes, 2nd Marquess of Marialva
FatherPedro de Menezes, 2nd Count of Cantanhede
MotherConstança de Gusmão

António Luís de Meneses, 1st Marquis of Marialva and 3rd Count of Cantanhede (13 December 1596 – 16 August 1675) was a member of the Forty Conspirators and a Portuguese general who fought in the Portuguese Restoration War, that ended the Iberian Union between Portugal and Spain.


Meneses depicted on a 20 Escudo banknote.

Meneses was born in a noble family - his father was Dom Pedro de Menezes, 2nd count of Cantanhede, and his mother Dona Constança de Gusmão (daughter of Rui Gonçalves da Câmara, 1st count of Vila Franca).

Meneses was one of the Forty Conspirators involved in the revolution against the Spanish Habsburgs on 1 December 1640. He took active part in the storming of the residence and the capture of the Duchess of Mantua, who governed Portugal in the name of Philip IV of Spain (Philip III of Portugal). In 1641 he was assigned as general-commander (mestre-de-campo) of the Portuguese forces loyal to John IV of Portugal, and he organized the defences against Spanish attacks. He participated in almost every battle of the Portuguese Restoration War between 1641 and 1665. His greatest victories were the Battle of the Lines of Elvas in 1659 and the Battle of Montes Claros in 1665. After the success in the first battle the Count of Cantanhede received among several honors, the title of Marquis of Marialva on 11 June 1661. He was present at the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon on 13 February 1668.

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Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Pedro de Menezes
Count of Cantanhede
? –1675
Succeeded by
Pedro António de Menezes
Preceded by
New title
Marquis of Marialva
Succeeded by
Pedro António de Menezes