Antenna tracking system
An antenna tracking system tracks a primary antenna to follow a moving signal source, such as a communication satellite. A secondary antenna has a greater beam width than the primary antenna and receives the same tracking signal from the satellite. The primary antenna is tracked according to a predetermined search pattern which causes a variation in the signal amplitude depending upon the relative location of the satellite and the antenna position. The signal strength signals from the two antennas are input to a summation function which takes the difference of the two signals. The noise and signal variation component of the two signals is substantially the same and is therefore eliminated from the resulting difference signal. An antenna control unit utilizes the resulting difference signal to select the optimum signal strength for the particular step of the search pattern. This system is particularly applicable to extremely high frequency communication channels (86 GHz and above) which are subject to atmospheric distortion and noise.
Antenna Tracking Systems can apply to Broadband and Microwave Radio Systems as well for Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint communications.
- US patent 7463191 - Antenna beam steering and tracking techniques
- Chapter 11: Target Tracking - DSP-Book by Chapman & Hall/CRC (PDF). 2000.
- Gawronski, Wodek; Craparo, Emily M. "Antenna Scanning techniques for Estimation of Spacecraft Position" (PDF).
- Sakamoto, Takuya; Sato, Toru. "A TARGET TRACKING METHOD WITH A SINGLE ANTENNA USING TIME-REVERSAL UWB RADAR IMAGING IN A MULTI-PATH ENVIRONMENT" (PDF). Kyoto University.
- Hawkins, G.J.; Edwards, D.J.; McGeehan, J.P. "Tracking systems for satellite communications" (PDF).
- "Antenna Pointing Error Estimation Using Conical Scan Techniqu e and Kalman Filter" (PDF).