Anthony George Wilden (14 December 1935 – 29 December 2019) was a writer, social theorist, college lecturer, and consultant. Wilden published numerous books and articles which intersect a number of fields, including systems theory, film theory, structuralism, cybernetics, psychiatry, anthropological theory, water control projects, urban ecosystems, resource conservation, and communications and social relations.
Wilden is credited with one of the first significant introductions to the work of Jacques Lacan in the Anglo-Saxon world, particularly in his role as one of Lacan's early English translators. Today Wilden's work (and consequent reputation) is arguably more influential in the fields of communication theory, ecology and social interaction. These fields of study evolved out of a long scholarly tradition of "interactional semiotics" that originated with Plato's Cratylus. Along with such figures as Gregory Bateson (i.e., Steps to an Ecology of Mind), R. D. Laing (i.e., Sanity, Madness and the Family), and Walker Percy (i.e., Lost in the Cosmos), Wilden is considered one of this tradition's contemporary (modern and postmodern) pioneers.
With the appearance of System and Structure (1972), Wilden sought "to establish the necessity of an ecosystemic or ecological approach to communication and exchange in open systems of all types", to use his own words. In hindsight it is recognized that System and Structure was an early contribution to a "theory of self-referential systems". According to Niklas Luhmann, this "theory of self-referential systems" is the second paradigm change in a "General System Theory" (the first change being the "open-systems" or "systems/environment" shift, a step that initially separated "systems theory" from the traditional "whole-parts" paradigm). Through his teaching and writings, Wilden provided "a contribution to our 'knowledge about knowledge' at an abstract level, as well as supplying ammunition in the struggle with the concrete reality that information is power and that scientific discourse is a hidden weapon in the arsenal of social control." Wilden is also recognized today for his significant contributions to Context theory and Second-order cybernetics.
Wilden was a professor in the Communications Department at Simon Fraser University from the 1970s to the mid-1990s. He attended the University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, 1960–1961, 1963–1965; and Johns Hopkins University, earning an MA in 1967 and PhD in 1968. His doctoral thesis was entitled Psychoanalysis and the Language of the Self.
Selected writings and publications
Note: the primary source for this section is from the Wilden article in Gale's Biography series.
- (With Jacques Lacan) The Language of the Self, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1968, revised edition, 1976; reprinted as Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis, 1981.
- System and Structure: Essays in Communication and Exchange, 1st and 2nd ed., Tavistock Publications, 1972 and 1980, French translation, Boreal Express, Montreal, 1983.
- (Contributor) D. E. Washburn and D. R. Smith, editors, Coping with Increasing Complexity, Gordon & Breach, 1974.
- (Contributor) K. Riegel, editor, Structure and Transformation, Wiley, 1975.
- (Contributor with Tim Wilson) Carlos Sluzki and Donald Ransom, editors, Double Bind: The Foundation of the Communicational Approach to the Family, Grune & Stratton, 1976.
- "Le Canada imaginaire" French translation of "The imaginary Canadian" by Yvan Simonis; foreword by sociologigist Marcel Rioux., Presses Coméditex, Québec, QC, 1979.
- "The imaginary Canadian", Pulp Press, Vancouver, BC,1980.
- (Contributor) M. Maruyama and A. Harkins, editors, Cultures of the Future, Mouton, 1980.
- (Contributor) Kathleen Woodward, editor, The Myths of Information: Technology and Post-Industrial Culture, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.
- (With R. Hammer) Busby Berkeley and the Mechanical Bride: From "Flying Down to Rio" to "The Lullaby of Broadway" 1933-35 (videotape montage), Simon Fraser University, 1984.
- (Contributor) Paul Bouissac, Michael Herzfeld, and Roland Posner, editors, Iconicity: Festschrift for Thomas A. Sebeok, Stauffenberg Verlag, 1986.
- The Rules Are No Game: The Strategy of Communication, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986.
- Man and Woman, War and Peace: The Strategist's Companion, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986.
- (Contributor) K. Krippendorff, editor, Communication and Control in Society, Gordon & Breach, 1979.
- "Doctors of Philosophy with titles of dissertations". Conferring of Degrees at the close of the ninety-second academic year (PDF). Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University. 11 June 1968. p. 41. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
- "Biography - Wilden, Anthony (1935-)", Contemporary Authors (Biography), Thomson Gale, 2002.
- ie., as early as 1966, Wilden's "Freud, Signorelli and Lacan: the Repression of the Signifier" (1966, American Imago, 23: 332–66) and his English translation of Lacan's The Language of the Self (published in 1968)
- see also the Anthony Wilden article at the French Wikipedia site here
- corey anton (21 January 2011). "Anton Corey Faculty page at Grand Valley State University". Gvsu.academia.edu. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- "Preface", p. xiv. System and Structure: Essays in Communication and Exchange, 1st ed., Tavistock Publications, 1972
- "change" or what Gregory Bateson called a "step"
- Luhmann, Niklas. Social Systems. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995; pp. 6–8
- Review in French ("Études Internationales").
- Anton, Corey. Selfhood and Authenticity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-7914-4899-1
- Carrington, Victoria. New Times: New Families. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002; paperback reprint, 2009.
- Sluzki, Carlos and Ransom, Donald; editors. Double Bind: The Foundation of the Communicational Approach to the Family. Grune & Stratton, 1976.
- Vuong, Thanh H. (September 1986). "The Theory of Contexts and International Relations: The Outset of the First Indochinese War" (PDF). Études Internationales (in French and English). 17 (3): 571–597. doi:10.7202/702047ar. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
- Excerpts from System and Structure
- The Symbolic, the Imaginary and the Real: Lacan, Lévi-Strauss and Freud
- The Ideology of Opposition and Identity: Critique of Lacan's Theory of the Mirror-stage in Childhood
- Excerpts from Man and Women, War and Peace
- Other responses to Wilden
- Gregory Bateson-Ecology of Ideas-Anthony Wilden
- A Structure/System relationship in examining components of Digital Literacy, Pt. 1 and Pt. 2 The author of this essay describes it as a "discussion of some axioms of structure and system as proposed by Anthony Wilden, relating to Digital Literacy assessment, and ISD (Instructional Systems Development)."