Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard

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Vice-amiral
Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard
Antoine-Jean-Marie Thevenard.jpg
Vice-amiral Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard, portrait by Louis Hierle.
Born 7 December 1733
Saint-Malo
Died 9 February 1815(1815-02-09) (aged 81)
Paris
Allegiance Louis XVI
French First Republic
First French Empire
Service/branch French Navy
Years of service 1745–1816
Rank Vice-amiral
Awards

Count of the Empire
Grand officer of the Legion of Honour
Commander of the Order of Saint Louis

Buried at the Panthéon
Relations Father to Antoine-René Thévenard

Antoine Jean Marie Thévenard (7 December 1733, Saint-Malo[1] – 9 February 1815, Paris[2]) was a French politician and vice admiral. He served in the French ruling regimes of Louis XVI, those of the Revolution, Napoleon I and Louis XVIII, and is buried at the Panthéon de Paris. His son Antoine-René Thévenard, capitaine de vaisseau, was killed at the Battle of Aboukir whilst commanding the 74-gun Aquilon.

Career[edit]

Thévenard was born to Antoine Thévenard, a senior officer in the merchant navy,[3] and Jeanne Moinet.[1] He began sailing as a lieutenant in 1747 on merchantmen captained by his father, and went on to sail for the Compagnie des Indes.[3][4]

Aged 12 he embarked on a Compagnie des Indes ship and fought in several battles. He became a lieutenant in 1754 and destroyed the English establishments on the Newfoundland coast and took part in the pirate François Thurot's expedition to Ireland (1759). He earned the rank of Capitaine de vaisseau in the Compagnie des Indes in 1764,[4] and earned his first command of an East Indianer in 1768.[3]

Thévenard enlisted in the French Royal Navy in 1770, where his rank in the Compagnie des Indes earned him the rank of Commander.[1] He was also made a Knight in the Order of Saint Louis[3] and rose to Captain in 1773,[1] commanded the Lorient fleet from 1779,[4] was promoted to Brigadeer of the naval armies in 1784,[3] and eventually to Chef d'escadre in 1783.[4][note 1]

In May 1791, Thévenard replaced Fleurieu as ministre de la Marine under Louis XVI,[3][4] but resigned in September 1791,[4] fallen out of favour because of his political opinions against the French Revolution.[3]

Promoted Vice-amiral in 1793,[4] he commanded the fleets at Brest,[5] then Toulon,[6] then Rochefort, and became Préfet maritime of Lorient then Toulon in 1801,[3] where he remained until 1815.

In October 1799, Thévenard presided the court-martial of Rear-Admiral Perrée,[7] to examin the events of the Action of 18 June 1799, in which he had lost his ships. He similarly presided the court-martial following the capture of the Guillaume Tell in 1800,[8] and the enquiry on the conduct of Rear-Admiral Dumanoir le Pelley at the Battle of Trafalgar.[9] In 1809, he investigated the capitulation of Flessingen.[10]

On 5 February 1810 he was made a comte d'Empire and member of the Sénat conservateur.[2] In this capacity, he voted the downfall of Napoléon in 1814,[3] which earned him a nomination at the Chambre des Pairs by Louis XVIII after the Bourbon Restoration in 1814.[2][3] On 27 December 1814, he was promoted to Commandeur in the Order of Saint-Louis.[3]

Thévenard died on 9 February 1815 and He was buried in the Panthéon.[2]

Memberships[edit]

Honours[edit]

Works[edit]

By Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard
  • Rapports à l'Académie de Marine[4]
  • Services militaires des officiers de l'ancienne Compagnie des Indes[4]
  • Sur une École de marine à Lorient[4]
  • Sur le Commerce des Indes-Orientales[4]
  • Calculs pour tirer un vaisseau à terre[4]
  • Comparaison des courbes de fer à celles de bois[4]
  • Observations sur l'ordonnance de la marine du 27 Septembre 1776[4]
  • Projet de guerre contre les Anglais[4]
  • Mesurer avec précision la profondeur de la mer en sondant[4]
  • Nouvelle édition du Neptune oriental[4]
  • Sur l'établissement d'un port de secours à Pontrieux[4]
  • Expérience sur l'air dans les vaisseaux désarmés[4]
  • Essai sur les phares[4]
  • Observations météorologiques[4]
  • Sur le doublage en cuivre des vaisseaux, les toiles à voiles, la circulation du sang, la pêche à la sardine, la conservation des gens de mer, le commerce entre la France et les États-Unis[4]
  • Sur l'Île de la Trinité[4]
  • Sur l'enduit nommé galgale[4]
  • Sur le magnétisme animal[4]
  • Sur les Volcans, l'Artillerie, la Mécanique, la Lumière, le Nivellement de la Mer Rouge, la Résistance des Fluides, le Passage du raz de Sein ou de Fontenay[4]

All the above were later re-printed in four volumes as Mémoires relatifs à la marine.[2]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Arnault (p.426) says in 1784.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cunat, p.387
  2. ^ a b c d e Cunat, p.389
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Arnault, p.426
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Cunat, p.388
  5. ^ Fonds Marine, vol.1, p.41
  6. ^ Fonds Marine, vol.1, p.132
  7. ^ Fonds Marine, vol.1, p.229
  8. ^ Fonds Marine, vol.1, p.240
  9. ^ Fonds Marine, vol.1, p.335
  10. ^ Fonds Marine, vol.1, p.382

Bibliography[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Pierre Claret de Fleurieu
Minister of the Navy and the Colonies
17 May 1791-18 September 1791
Succeeded by
Claude Antoine de Valdec de Lessart