Anton Fransch

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Anton Fransch (c. 1969 – 17 November 1989), nom de guerre Mahomad,[1] was a commander in Umkhonto we Sizwe.[2] He was killed on 17 November 1989 in Cape Town by police and South African Defence Forces for his anti-apartheid activities, after a seven-hour siege in which he defended himself with hand-grenades and a machine gun.[3][4]

Cultural references[edit]

Fransch is the subject of The Funeral of Anton Fransch, a poem by Tatamkhulu Afrika,[5] and the 2003 film Deafening Echoes, directed by Eugene Paramoer.[3]


  1. ^ Krog, Antjie (2000). Country of my skull: guilt, sorrow, and the limits of forgiveness in the new South Africa. Three River Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-8129-3129-7.
  2. ^ Payne, Leigh A. (2008). Unsettling accounts: neither truth nor reconciliation in confessions of state violence. Duke University Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-8223-4082-9.
  3. ^ a b McCluskey, Audrey T. (2007). Frame by frame three. Indiana University Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-253-34829-6.
  4. ^ Meyer, Warda (18 November 2014). "MK man's epic gun battle remembered". Cape Argus. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  5. ^ Hirson, Denis (1997). The lava of this land: South African poetry, 1960-1996. Northwestern University Press. pp. 250–252. ISBN 978-0-8101-5069-0.