Antonio José Cavanilles

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Antonio José Cavanilles
Cavanilles R01.jpg
Statue of Cavanilles at the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
Born (1745-01-16)16 January 1745
Valencia (Spain)
Died 5 May 1804(1804-05-05) (aged 59)
Madrid (Spain)
Residence Spain and France
Nationality Spanish
Fields Botany
Academic advisors Thouin, Jussieu
Known for Taxonomy of Iberian, South American and Oceanian flora
Influences Carl Linnaeus
Influenced Simón de Rojas
Author abbrev. (botany) Cav.
Sterculia balanghas from the 1790 edition of Monadelphiæ classis dissertationes decem by Antonio José Cavanilles.

Antonio José Cavanilles (16 January 1745 – 5 May 1804) was a leading Spanish taxonomic botanist of the 18th century. He named many plants, particularly from Oceania. He named at least 100 genera, about 54 of which were still used in 2004, including Dahlia, Calycera, Cobaea, Galphimia, and Oleandra.[1]

Cavanilles was born in Valencia. He lived in Paris from 1777 to 1781, where he followed careers as a clergyman and a botanist, thanks to André Thouin and Antoine Laurent de Jussieu. He was one of the first Spanish scientists to use the classification method invented by Carl Linnaeus.

From Paris he moved to Madrid, where he was director of the Royal Botanical Garden and Professor of botany from 1801 to 1804. He died in Madrid in 1804.

Selected publications[edit]

  • Icones et descriptiones plantarum, quae aut sponte in Hispania crescunt, aut in hortis hospitantur..., Madrid, 1791-1801[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Emilio LAGUNA LUMBRERAS (December 2004), "Sobre los géneros descritos por Cavanilles", Flora Montiberica, 28: 3–22 
  2. ^ IPNI.  Cav. 

External links[edit]