Antonio Palacios

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Antonio Palacios Ramilo
Antonio Palacios Ramilo 1929.jpg
Born(1874-01-08)8 January 1874
O Porriño, Spain
Died27 October 1945(1945-10-27) (aged 73)

Antonio Palacios Ramilo (8 January 1874 – 27 October 1945) was a Spanish architect. Distinguished by the monumental eclecticism he left as imprint in many of his projects,[1] he helped define the architectural identity of Madrid in the first half of the 20th century.[2]


Born on 8 January 1874 in O Porriño, province of Pontevedra.[3] Palacios moved to Madrid to start his studies as Engineer; he switched to Architecture, and obtained a degree in 1903.[4]

A prolific architect, he modernized the image of Madrid with some of the emblematic buildings of the Spanish capital.[2] He received influence from Secessionist modernismo, but according to Óscar da Rocha Aranda, only as feature within a wider mashup of many eclectic styles, such as Neoplateresque, Neoclassicism and modern US commercial arquitecture.[1]

Palacios, who also designed the interior of some of the original Metro de Madrid stations, was the creator of the iconic rhomboidal logo of the rapid transit.[5]

He became a member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1926.[4]

He died on 27 October 1945 in El Plantío, Madrid.[4]

Selected works[edit]

The Río de La Plata Bank
  • Teatro Rosalía de Castro, in Vigo (1906)[4]
  • Virxe da Roca, in Baiona, Pontevedra (1912)[4]
  • Casa do concello do Porriño, in O Porriño (1919)[4]
  • Banco de Vigo, in Vigo (1941)[4]
  • Templo votivo do Mar, in Panxón, Nigrán (1932)[4]
  • Mosteiro da Visitación, in Vigo (1942)[4]
  • Igrexa da Vera Cruz, in O Carballiño (1943)[4]


  1. ^ a b Rocha Aranda, Óscar da (2009). El modernismo en la arquitectura madrileña: génesis y desarrollo de una opción ecléctica. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-84-00-08889-7.
  2. ^ a b Albor, Laura (27 October 2016). "Así es el Madrid de Antonio Palacios, el arquitecto que hizo cosmopolita a la capital". ABC.
  3. ^ Ramón Iglesias Veiga, Xosé M. (1992). "Arquitectura y cinematógrafo en la ciudad de Vigo: Palacios, Gutiérrez Soto, Francisco Castro y Pedro Alonso". Espacio Tiempo y Forma. Serie VII, Historia del Arte. Madrid: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia. V: 494. ISSN 1130-4715.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Maudes: una arquitectura de anticipación". Informes de la Construcción. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. 39 (389): 6. 1987. ISSN 0020-0883.
  5. ^ Neira, Fernando (26 June 2017). "Palacios resucita en Pacífico". El País.