Aphthitalite

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Aphthitalite
Aphthitalite-180031.jpg
Aphthitalite, collected from Ghom Salt Dome, Qom Province, Iran
General
CategorySulfate mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
IMA symbolAtt[1]
Strunz classification7.AC.35
Crystal systemTrigonal
Crystal classHexagonal scalenohedral (3m)
H-M symbol: (3 2/m)
Space groupP3m1 (no. 164)
Unit cella = 5.67, c = 7.33 [Å]; Z = 1
Identification
ColorWhite, colorless; gray, blue, green due to inclusions and impurities
Crystal habitTabular crystals (with distorted pseudo-orthorhombic habit); as bladed aggregates and in crusts
TwinningOn {0001} or repeated on {1120}
CleavageFair on {1010}, poor on {0001}
FractureConchoidal to uneven
TenacityBrittle
Mohs scale hardness3
LusterVitreous to resinous
DiaphaneityTransparent to opaque
Specific gravity2.66–2.71
Optical propertiesUniaxial (+) (anomalously biaxial)
Refractive indexnω = 1.487 - 1.491 nε = 1.492 - 1.499
Birefringenceδ = 0.005
SolubilityIn water
References[2][3][4]

Aphthitalite is a potassium sulfate mineral with the chemical formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2.

It was first described in 1835 for an occurrence on Mount Vesuvius, Italy. The name is from the Greek άφθητος, "unalterable", and άλας, "salt", for its stability in air.[2] It occurs as fumarolic incrustations in volcanic environments, as small crystals and masses in evaporite deposits and in guano deposits.[3][4] It occurs associated with thenardite, jarosite, sylvite and hematite in fumaroles; with blodite, syngenite, mirabilite, picromerite, borax and halite in evaporites; and with syngenite, whitlockite, monetite, niter and gypsum in guano deposits.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warr, L.N. (2021). "IMA–CNMNC approved mineral symbols". Mineralogical Magazine. 85 (3): 291–320. Bibcode:2021MinM...85..291W. doi:10.1180/mgm.2021.43. S2CID 235729616.
  2. ^ a b Mindat.org
  3. ^ a b Webmineral data
  4. ^ a b c Handbook of Mineralogy