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The Apollino

The Apollino or Medici Apollo is a Roman copy of a Hellenistic sculpture of the adolescent god Apollo of the Apollo Lykeios type. It is now in the Uffizi, Florence.

Its head has proportions similar to those of Praxiteles's Aphrodite of Cnidus,[1] and thus it has been argued to be a copy of a Praxitelean original, or at least to be Praxitelean in style. Others argue it is an eclectic creation from the Roman era, mixing several styles from the "second classicism".[2] Its left arm may have held a bow.[3]

Found complete in Rome in the 17th century, though its exact early provenance is obscure,[4] it was originally in the Borghese collection, until it was moved to the Medici collection at Villa Medici, where it was recorded in 1704.[5] Unlike many ancient sculptures in the Medici collection, it was not moved to Florence by Cosimo III de' Medici, remaining in Rome until it was removed to accompany the Medici Niobe Group in 1769-70.[6] Though it has since declined in reputation, it retained its praise through the 18th century, as one of the most copied Roman sculptures.[7] It was seen in the Tribuna of the Uffizi by the English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, who commented:

In 1840 at the Uffizi it was broken by a painting falling on it[8] and was restored by Lorenzo Bartolini, who covered the whole statue with a layer of paint to disguise the repairs.

In addition to many 17th and 18th century copies, the French sculptor Jean-Baptiste Vietty made a copy of the Apollino that is conserved in the Musée des Beaux-Arts of Lyon

There is also an "Apollino Milani" in Florence's National Archaeological Museum and one carved by Niccolò Bazzanti of Pietro Bazzanti e Figlio Art Gallery of Florence at Museo Civico Revoltella, Trieste.[9]

Bibliography and external links[edit]

  1. ^ As represented by Head Ma421 in the Louvre. (Italian) Giulio Emmanuele Rizzo, Prassitele, Milan et Rome, 1932, p. 80-81.
  2. ^ (French) Martinez, "Les styles praxitélisants", p. 335.
  3. ^ Augustus J.C. Hare, "Florence: The Uffizi"
  4. ^ Paolo Alessandro Maffei's note to Domenico de' Rossi's plate in Raccolta delle statue antiche e moderne (Rome, 1704:pl xxxix) gives a misleading early provenance, according to Francis Haskell and Nicholas Penny, Taste and the Antique: the lure of classical sculpture, 1500-1900 1981:146-48.
  5. ^ Maffei, 1704.
  6. ^ Haskell and Penny, 1981:147; Hans Gross, Rome in the Age of Enlightenment: The Post-Tridentine Syndrome and the ancien regime places the sculpture in Rome.
  7. ^ In a letter (Briefe, Walther Rehm, ed. IV:27), Johann Joachim Winckelmann noted it as one of the most copied.
  8. ^ Guido Mansuelli, Galleria degli Uffizi: Le sculture (Rome 1958-61) noted in Haskell and Penny 1981:147 note 6.
  9. ^ Masau, Maria (1996). Pasquale Revoltella, 1795-1869: sogno e consapevolezza del cosmopolitismo triestino.