|Directed by||Margot Benacerraf|
|Written by||Margot Benacerraf|
|Narrated by||José Ignacio Cabrujas|
|Music by||Guy Bernard|
|Distributed by||Milestone Films|
Araya is a 1959 Venezuelan-French documentary film directed by Margot Benacerraf and co-written by Benacerraf and Pierre Seghers. It depicts the lives of labourers who extract salt from the sea off the Araya Peninsula in Venezuela. Their method for extracting salt, virtually unchanged for centuries, depends on gruelling physical labor, but provides a dependable, if meagre, living for the men and their families. The film ends with a recently built plant for mechanised salt extraction that could eliminate the community's traditional source of income.
Araya was produced by a two-person crew consisting of Margot Benacerraf and her cameraman Giuseppe Nisoli. On arriving at the arid and barren landscape of the Araya peninsula on the north coast of Venezuela Benacerraf remarked it was like "arriving on the moon". Although colour photography was available to Benacerraf and Nisoli, the decision was made to shoot in black and white, as it was deemed a more powerful way of portraying the subjects.
The Soundtrack to Araya includes sounds from the sea, remixed in diverse ways including playing in reverse. Benacerraf noted that the Andalusian polos songs, rare in Venezuela, had lasted due to the extreme isolation of the Araya community.
The film was entered into the 1959 Cannes Film Festival, where it shared the Cannes International Critics Prize with Alain Resnais's Hiroshima mon amour. The audience at Cannes doubted Benacerraf's claim that the film has been shot by a two-man crew, especially due to the dramatic shots from a crane, Benacerraf responded that they had merely made use of a vacant crane left at the mine.
- Calderón, Harel (1992). "An Interview with Margot Benacerraf: Reverón, Araya and the Institutionalization of Cinema in Venezuela". Journal of Film and Video. 44.3: 51–75.
- "Festival de Cannes: Araya". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
- "Araya - Milestone Films". Retrieved 6 June 2012.
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