Archedemus of Tarsus

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Archedemus (Greek: Άρχέδημος) of Tarsus,[1] a Stoic philosopher who flourished c. 140 BC. Two of his works: On the Voice (Greek: Περὶ Φωνῆς) and On Elements (Greek: Περὶ Στοιχείων), are mentioned by Diogenes Laërtius.[2]

He is probably the same person as the Archedemus, whom Plutarch calls an Athenian, and who, he states, went into Parthia and founded a school of Stoic philosophers at Babylon.[3]

Archedemus is also mentioned by Cicero,[4] Seneca,[5] Epictetus,[6] and other ancient writers.


  1. ^ Strabo, Geography, xiv; Diogenes Laërtius, Lives of Philosophers, vii.
  2. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, Lives of Philosophers, vii.
  3. ^ Plutarch, de Exilio, 14.
  4. ^ Cicero, Acad. Quaest., ii. 47.
  5. ^ Seneca, Epistles, 121.
  6. ^ Epictetus, Discourses, Book II, Chapter 5.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Archedemus, 4". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.