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Olive baboon1.jpg
Olive baboon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Subclass: Placentalia
Superorder: Archonta (disputed)

The Archonta are a group of mammals, considered a superorder in some classifications, which consists of the following orders:

While bats were traditionally included in Archonta, recent genetic analysis has suggested that bats actually belong in Laurasiatheria.[1] A revised category, Euarchonta, excluding bats, has been proposed.[2][3]

It has been suggested that this taxon may have arisen in the Early Cretaceous (more than one hundred million years ago) and so there may be other explanatory models for mammalian evolution beside an explosive radiation from a single surviving lineage following the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction of the Mesozoic megafauna,[4] such as a series of prior radiations related to the breakup of Gondwana and Laurasia allowing for more survivors.[5][6]


  1. ^ Van de Bussche, R. A.; Hoofer, S. R. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among recent chiropteran families and the importance of choosing appropriate out-group taxa". Journal of Mammalogy. 85 (2): 321–330. doi:10.1644/1545-1542(2004)085<0321:Prarcf>2.0.Co;2. 
  2. ^ Adkins, RM; Honeycutt, RL (Nov 15, 1991). "Molecular phylogeny of the superorder Archonta.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 88 (22): 10317–21. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.22.10317. PMC 52919Freely accessible. PMID 1658802. 
  3. ^ Springer, MS; Stanhope, MJ; Madsen, O; de Jong, WW (August 2004). "Molecules consolidate the placental mammal tree.". Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 19 (8): 430–8. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2004.05.006. PMID 16701301. 
  4. ^ Penny, David; Phillips, Matthew J. (October 2004). "The rise of birds and mammals: are microevolutionary processes sufficient for macroevolution?". Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 19 (10): 516–522. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2004.07.015. PMID 16701316. 
  5. ^ Hedges, S. Blair; Kumar, Sudhir (30 April 1998). "A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution" (PDF). Nature. 392 (6679): 917–920. doi:10.1038/31927. 
  6. ^ Hedges, SB; Parker, PH; Sibley, CG; Kumar, S (May 16, 1996). "Continental breakup and the ordinal diversification of birds and mammals." (PDF). Nature. 381 (6579): 226–9. doi:10.1038/381226a0. PMID 8622763.