Arieș River (Mureș)

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Arieș
Aranyos
River
TurdaAries.jpg
The Arieș in Turda
Countries Romania
Counties Alba, Cluj
Tributaries
 - left Arieșul Mare, Iara
 - right Arieșul Mic, Abrud
Towns Turda, Câmpia Turzii
Source Confluence of headwaters Arieșul Mare and Arieșul Mic
 - location Lake Mihoești
 - elevation 570 m (1,870 ft)
 - coordinates 46°22′20″N 23°01′01″E / 46.37222°N 23.01694°E / 46.37222; 23.01694
Mouth Mureș
 - location Gura Arieșului
 - elevation 263 m (863 ft)
 - coordinates 46°25′45″N 23°58′38″E / 46.42917°N 23.97722°E / 46.42917; 23.97722Coordinates: 46°25′45″N 23°58′38″E / 46.42917°N 23.97722°E / 46.42917; 23.97722
Length 164 km (102 mi)
Basin 3,000 km2 (1,158 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 25.4 m3/s (897 cu ft/s)
Progression MureșTiszaDanubeBlack Sea

The Arieș (Hungarian: Aranyos) is a left tributary of the river Mureș in Transylvania, Romania. It discharges into the Mureș in Gura Arieșului, 11 km southwest of Luduș.

Most probably "Arieș" means "Gold River", the name being derived from the Latin "Aureus". The Hungarian name "Aranyos" means "Golden" and it was first mentioned in 1177.[1]

Course[edit]

The source of the river is in the Bihor Mountains, part of the Apuseni Mountains, which translates as The Western Mountains. The Arieș is formed near the village of Mihoești at the confluence of two headwaters: Arieșul Mare and Arieșul Mic. Its length is approximately 164 km. It flows through Alba and Cluj Counties and flows into the Mureș near the village of Gura Arieșului, which is close to the town of Luduș.

The towns of Câmpeni, Baia de Arieș, Turda, and Câmpia Turzii lie on the river Arieș. The upper valley of the river, Țara Moților, is a beautiful rustic region and an important mining region (Roșia Montană), rich in gold, silver and uranium. Those mines of Apuseni Mountains (also known as "Metaliferi Mountains") were exploited since Dacian reign, and later on they attracted the Roman invasion.

Towns and villages[edit]

The following towns and villages are situated along the river Arieș, from source to mouth: Mihoești, Gura Sohodol, Câmpeni, Boncești, Lunca Merilor, Bistra, Gârde, Lunca Largă, Pițiga, Lupșa, Hădărău, Valea Lupșii, Muncelu, Baia de Arieș, Sartăș, Brăzești, Sălciua de Jos, Poșaga de Jos, Lunca, Vidolm, Lungești, Buru, Moldovenești, Cornești, Cheia, Mihai Viteazu, Turda, Câmpia Turzii, Viișoara, Luna, Luncani, Hădăreni, Gligorești

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Arieș (from source to mouth):

Left: Arieșul Mare, Valea Caselor, Bistra, Bistrișoara, Valea Caselor, Izvorul Călugărului, Lupșa, Sartăș, Sălciuţa, Poșaga, Valea Coșegii, Ocoliș, Ocolișel, Iara, Borzești, Pârâul Muntelui, Hășdate, Valea Pordei, Valea Racilor, Valea Sărată, Pârâul Florilor, Valea Largă

Right: Arieșul Mic, Sohodol, Abrud, Râul Luteștilor, Ștefanca, Râul Mușcanilor, Valea Șesii, Hermăneasa, Cioara, Ponor, Huda lui Papară, Valea Morilor, Vidolm, Rimetea, Văleni, Plăiești, Bădeni

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vistai András János. "Erdélyi helynévkönyv". Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București, 1972
  • Trasee turistice - Județul Alba [1]
  • Trasee turistice - județul Cluj [2]
  • Kniezsa István- Erdély földrajzi nevei [3]

Maps[edit]

  • Munții Trascău [4]
  • Harta Munților Apuseni [5]
  • Harta județului Alba [6]