Arley, Warwickshire

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A 1961 1 inch = 1 mile series map. It covers the Hinckley-Nuneaton-Atherstone-Wolvey region. Harts Hill quarry is attached to a railway and in full swing. The coal mines near Griff Lodge Farm and Ansely Hall are in early decline. The mines are now shut and the quarry is reported to be a rubbish-tip. Note the even by then removed railway by Higham Grange and Higham on the Hill

Arley is a civil parish in the North Warwickshire district of Warwickshire, England. The parish includes two settlements, New Arley and Old Arley. Old Arley is to the west of the Bourne Brook and the railway line, and New Arley is to the east.

Old Arley contains the mediaeval church of St Wilfred's, and a Methodist church nearby. New Arley contains St Michael's C of E and St Joseph's Catholic Church, both originally built in response to the influx of miners in the first half of the 20th century. The two Anglican churches form one parish, and St Joseph's is run from St Anne's, Chapel End, Nuneaton.

Arley's mining industry ended in 1968.[1]

Nearby places are Ansley and Astley.

Arley is the birthplace of footballer Nigel Winterburn and of cricketer Albert Wright.

Collieries[edit]

Arley Colliery[edit]

The village once had an eponymous colliery running beneath part of its central area[2] which employed 1,734 men when it was finally closed on 30 March 1968,[3] by the National Coal Board. It had then been in operation for sixty six years and had once been owned and operated by the Arley Colliery Company Ltd. Production began at the pit on 1 January 1901 and the first coal was extracted from the mine in 1902. The mine was considered no longer economically viable by the NCB led by Lord Robens, officially of the Labour Party, in 1968, due to its relatively high costs and despite the cited fact that one hundred years of coal remained beneath.[2] As production increased the colliery expanded and with this the population within the parish increased. This led to a need for new housing in the area. Between 1920 and 1955 six hundred houses were built on land which had been the Fir Tree Farm, this became New Arley.

Daw Mill, Kingsbury and Dexter Collieries[edit]

The two shafts that served Daw Mill were first sunk between 1956 and 1959, and 1969 and 1971 respectively. Daw Mill was a natural extension of the former collieries, Kingsbury Colliery and Dexter Colliery. On 7 March 2013 the owner, UK Coal, announced the Daw Mill mine towards the edge of the parish would be closed following a major fire - it was the last remaining colliery in the West Midlands.

Demography[edit]

The usual number of residents in the civil parish which includes the slightly larger village of New Arley, was 2,853.[4]

Industries of Work[edit]

The working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011:[4]

Sector % in Arley Midlands UK
A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 0.9% 0.9% 0.8%
B Mining and Quarrying 1.1% 0.1% 0.2%
C Manufacturing 11.3% 12.3% 8.8%
C10-1Manufacturing; Food, Beverages and Tobacco 0.8% 1.4% 1.2%
C13-15 Manufacturing; Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Leather and Related Products 0.3% 0.4% 0.4%
C16,17 Manufacturing; Wood, Paper and Paper Products 0.2% 0.3% 0.3%
C19-2Manufacturing; Chemicals, Chemical Products, Rubber and Plastic 0.4% 1.1% 1.1%
C23-25 Manufacturing; Low Tech 2.2% 2.9% 1.5%
C26-30 Manufacturing; High Tech 6.4% 4.0% 2.3%
C18, 31, 3Manufacturing; Other 1.1% 2.3% 2.1%
D Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 0.8% 0.7% 0.6%
E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 0.8% 0.8% 0.7%
F Construction 6.8% 7.5% 7.7%
G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles 14.1% 17.1% 15.9%
H Transport and Storage 6.4% 5.2% 5.0%
I Accommodation and Food Service Activities 5.3% 5.2% 5.6%
J Information and Communication 2.6% 2.9% 4.1%
K Financial and Insurance Activities 2.3% 3.1% 4.4%
L Real Estate Activities 1.3% 1.4% 1.5%
M Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 4.3% 5.1% 6.7%
N Administrative and Support Service Activities 4.9% 4.7% 4.9%
O Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security 3.6% 5.3% 5.9%
P Education 9.1% 10.2% 9.9%
Q Human Health and Social Work Activities 9.5% 12.9% 12.4%
R,S Arts, Entertainment and Recreation; Other Service Activities 3.6% 4.5% 4.8%

Nationality[edit]

The ward is relatively representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity:[4]

Percentage of Usual Residents who stated in 2011 they had a non-British identity only
in Arley North Warwickshire Midlands England
1.5 1.6 6.2 8.3

Economic Status[edit]

The proportions of those retired, unemployed and who were students in 2011 were extremely close to the national averages, with a slightly higher degree of the retired and lower degree of students, whereas those in the economically inactive (other) category were fewer:[4]

Category Arley North Warwickshire Midlands England
Retired 14.5 15.5 14.4 13.7
Unemployed 4.5 3.6 5.1 4.4
Full-time Student 2.0 2.3 3.3 3.4
Economically inactive: other 1.7 1.5 2.4 2.2
Economically inactive: looking after home or family 4.4 3.3 4.6 4.4

Those who replied that there were no people in the household with English as their main language formed a proportion of the population 3.6% lower than the national average.[n 1][4]

Religion[edit]

Category % in Arley Midlands England[4]
Christian 64.5 60.2 49.4
None 25.9 22.0 24.7
Not Stated 8.4 6.6 7.2
Other 0.49 0.5 0.4
Hindu 0.32 1.3 1.5
Buddhist 0.08 0.3 0.5
Sikh 0.32 2.4 0.8
Muslim 0.04 6.7 5.0
Jewish 0 0.1 0.5

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ 0.76% compared to 4.4% nationally
References
  1. ^ "Arley Parish Plan" (PDF). Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Arley Colliery[permanent dead link] retrieved 9 April 2013
  3. ^ Closure of Colliery Archived 2010-09-20 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 9 April 2013
  4. ^ a b c d e f 2011 Census

Coordinates: 52°30′47″N 1°35′02″W / 52.513°N 1.584°W / 52.513; -1.584