In 1066 Arlington had two mills and continued to flourish based on the wool trade until the 18th century.
Arlington was the ancestral home of John Custis II, who emigrated to the Colony of Virginia and named his palatial four-story brick mansion (built in 1675) in Northumberland County, Virginia, "Arlington" after the town. Arlington would be abandoned after just 50 years, but the name would be used again by his great-great-grandson, George Washington Parke Custis, as the name for his large Arlington Estate on the south shore of the Potomac River near what is now Washington, D.C. Upon Custis's death in 1857, the estate passed to his only child, Mary Anna Custis Lee, wife of American Civil War General Robert E. Lee, and today is known as Arlington National Cemetery.
Arlington Row is a nationally notable architectural conservation area depicted on the inside cover of all United Kingdom passports. The cottages were built in 1380 as a monastic wool store. This was converted into a row of cottages for weavers in the seventeenth century. It has been used as a film and television location, most notably for the films Stardust and Bridget Jones's Diary.
On the green is a Baptist church built in 1833.
- Herbert, N.M. "Bibury In: A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 7.". British History Online. Victoria County History. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- Custis, John. The Letterbook of John Custis IV of Williamsburg, 1717-1742. Josephine Little Zuppan, ed. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005, p. 18; Guy, Chris. "Project Casts Light on House Lost to Past." Baltimore Sun. 8 September 2001.
- Harbury, Katherine E. "John Custis (ca. 1654–1714)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- Cultural Landscape Program. Arlington House: The Robert E. Lee Memorial Cultural Landscape Report. National Capital Region. National Park Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Washington, D.C.: 2001, p. 25. Archived 24 December 2012 at WebCite Accessed 2011-09-24
- Mullin, Gemma (18 July 2014). "Quiet Gloucestershire village becomes an unlikely tourist attraction after its 14th-century weavers' cottages are featured on millions of passports". Mail Online. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- "Arlington Row". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- "Bibury". National Trust. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- IMDB Website
- "Arlington Manor with forecourt wall". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- "Barn adjoining to north-east of Arlington Manor". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- "Baptist Church". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 28 August 2016.