Arnold Lewis Raphel
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|Arnold Lewis Raphel|
|18th U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan|
January 1987 – 17 August 1988
|Preceded by||Deane R. Hinton|
|Succeeded by||Robert B. Oakley|
|Born||Arnold Lewis Raphel
March 16, 1943
Troy, New York, US
|Died||August 17, 1988
|Spouse(s)||Myrna Feigenbaum (first wife)
Robin Raphel (second wife)
Nancy Halliday Ely-Raphel (1987-1988; third wife)
|Children||1 (with Myrna Feigenbaum)|
|Alma mater||Hamilton College (New York)|
Arnold Lewis Raphel (March 16, 1943 – August 17, 1988) was the 18th United States Ambassador to Pakistan.
Early life and education
As a boy, Raphel was already interested in diplomacy and international affairs. At age 12, he wrote to the then Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, regarding his interest in diplomacy. Dulles wrote back in reply, advising him to "study hard, work hard and we’ll see you in ten years." That is what happened: Raphel graduated from Hamilton College (B.A., 1964) and the Maxwell School at Syracuse University (M.A., 1966), and joined the foreign service the same year. Apart from English, Raphel was proficient in French, Urdu and Persian.
Iran hostage crisis
Office of United States Secretary of State
Ambassador to Pakistan
- Presidential Citizens Medal (1989)
Raphel was married three times. His first wife was Myrna Feigenbaum, by whom he had one daughter, Stephanie. In 1978, he married fellow diplomat Robin Raphel; the marriage, which was childless, ended in divorce two years later. In 1987, he married another fellow diplomat, Nancy Halliday Ely-Raphel; he was her third husband and both of her previous marriages had ended in divorce. They had been married for around a year when he died in an aircrash in August 1988.
Raphel was serving as US ambassador to Pakistan, and was travelling in the plane with President Zia-ul-Haq on August 17, 1988 when the plane crashed, resulting in the death of 34 people, including him and President Haq.
Raphel was 45 years old. He was survived by both his parents, who were living in retirement by then in Atlantic City, N.J., and by his only daughter Stephanie, who was living with her mother, Myrna Feigenbaum, in Orlando, Florida. Raphel was also survived by his third wife, Nancy.
- Adolph Dubs, the previous US ambassador to die in the line of duty
- J. Christopher Stevens, the next U.S. ambassador to die in the line of duty
- US Ambassadors killed in office
- Obituary and memories
- Binder, David (August 18, 1988). "Arnold L. Raphel: An Envoy of Deep Commitment". New York Times.
- Former US Ambassadors to Pakistan
- President Reagan's Statement on the deaths of President Zia-ul-Haq and Arnold Raphel
- Nomination of Arnold Lewis Raphel To Be United States Ambassador to Pakistan
- Arnold L. Raphel, United States Ambassador Arlington National Cemetery
- Congressional gold medal to the family of Arnold Raphel
- A resolution to express the deep regret of the Senate regarding the death of Ambassador Arnold Lewis Raphel