Bahawalpur

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Bahawalpur
بہاولپور
City
Clockwise from top: Darbar Mahal, a former palace of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur, Noor Mahal, Farid Gate, Sadiq Dane High School, Entrance of Dring Stadium and Bahawal Victoria Hospital.
Bahawalpur is located in Pakistan
Bahawalpur
Bahawalpur
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 29°23′44″N 71°41′1″E / 29.39556°N 71.68361°E / 29.39556; 71.68361Coordinates: 29°23′44″N 71°41′1″E / 29.39556°N 71.68361°E / 29.39556; 71.68361
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Bahawalpur
Tehsil Bahawalpur
Union councils 36
Area
 • Total 237.2 km2 (91.6 sq mi)
Elevation 181 m (702 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 1,052,000
 • Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
  Bahawalpur Urban agglomeration
Time zone PKT (UTC+5)
Postal code type 63100
Area code(s) 062
Website www.bahawalpur.gov.pk/
Bahawalpur Government Website

Bahawalpur (Punjabi, Urdu: بہاولپور‎), is a city located in Punjab province of Pakistan. The city used to be the capital of the Bahawalpur princely state, now the Bahawalpur District. It is the 13th most populous metropolitan area of Pakistan.[4]

History[edit]

The princely state of Bahawalpur was founded in 1802 by Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan II after the break-up of the Durrani Empire. The city is over 15 kilometres long. Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan III signed a treaty with the British on 22 February 1833, guaranteeing the independence of the Nawab. The state acceded to Pakistan on 7 October 1947 when Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur[5] decided to join Pakistan fifty days after independence.[6]

Economy[edit]

Irrigation from canals such as this provides the city with fertile soil for crop production.

The main crops for which Bahawalpur is recognised are cotton, sugarcane, wheat, sunflower seeds, rape/mustard seed and rice. Bahawalpur mangoes, citrus, dates and guavas are some of the fruits exported out of the country. Vegetables include onions, tomatoes, cauliflower, potatoes and carrots. Being an expanding industrial city, the government has revolutionised and libertised various markets allowing the caustic soda, cotton ginning and pressing, flour mills, fruit juices, general engineering, iron and steel re-rolling mills, looms, oil mills, poultry feed, sugar, textile spinning, textile weaving, vegetable ghee and cooking oil industries to flourish.[7]

Baghdad Road, Bahawalpur

Solar Park[edit]

Near the city the Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park is being erected, a photovoltaic power station named after Quaid-e-Azam, the founder of Pakistan. It is the first ever utility scale solar power plant in the country and is to have a capacity of 1,000 MW when finished in 2016. A first phase was brought online in April 2015 and opened by Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chinese President, Xi Jinping.[8][9]

Sports[edit]

Bahawal Stadium is the multipurpose stadium, home to Bahawalpur Stags. It hosted a sole international match, a test match between Pakistan and India in 1955.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Royal Palaces
    • Noor Mahal
    • Darbar Mahal
    • Gulzar Mahal
    • Nishat Mahal
  • Mosques
    • Abbasi Mosque
    • Jamia Masjid Al Sadiq
  • Bazars
    • Shahi Bazar
    • Rangeela Bazar
  • Museums
    • Bahawalpur Museum

Deobandi Islamism[edit]

Deobandi Islamism was established in the Bahawalpur area during colonial times in an effort to counter the strong Sufi influence in the area. After Partition, a number of Deobandi institutions from Jalandhar and Ludhiana areas relocated to Pakistani Punjab, including to the cities of Multan and Bahawalpur. In recent years, there have been a growing number of Deobandi institutions, from which jihadis recruit a considerable number of militants to fight in Afghanistan and Kashmir.[10] There are 500 to 1000 madrassas in Bahawalpur belonging to Deobandi and Ahl-e-Hadith orientations, many of which teach a violent version of Islam to children.[11]

Abbasi Mosque, Bahawalpur

Maulana Masood Azhar, founder of Jaish-e-Mohammad, was born in Bahawalpur in 1968. He established a 4.5 acre walled complex outside the city that serves as a headquarters for JeM.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf
  2. ^ a b http://203.215.180.58/portal/portal/media-type/html/group/320/page/default.psml/js_pane/P-103d7b410be-10000?nav=left
  3. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/index.html
  4. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/POPULATION%20SIZE%20AND%20GROWTH%20OF%20MAJOR%20CITIES.pdf
  5. ^ Christopher Buyers, Royal Ark website. "Bahawalpur: The Abbasi Dynasty". Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  6. ^ Remembering Bahawalpur province Tribune Pakistan - February 6, 2012
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 September 2010. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  8. ^ "CM defends power schemes". The Nation. 12 September 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Pakistan Solar Park Plugs In 100 MW To Grid". Cleantechnica. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Talbot 2015, p. 6.
  11. ^ a b Shah, Saeed (13 September 2009). "Terror group builds big base under Pakistani officials' noses". McClatchy newspapers. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

"Dpo bahawalpur website".