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Entrance of Noor Mahal.jpg
Bahawalpur is located in Pakistan
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 29°23′44″N 71°41′1″E / 29.39556°N 71.68361°E / 29.39556; 71.68361Coordinates: 29°23′44″N 71°41′1″E / 29.39556°N 71.68361°E / 29.39556; 71.68361
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Bahawalpur
Tehsil Bahawalpur
Union councils 36
 • Total 237.2 km2 (91.6 sq mi)
Elevation 461 m (1,512 ft)
Population (1998)[1]
 • Total 408,395
Time zone PKT (UTC+5)
Postal code type 63100
Area code(s) 062
Bahawalpur Government Website

Bahawalpur (Punjabi, Urdu: بہاولپور‎), is a city in Pakistan. The city is capital of the Bahawalpur District and is the 13th most populous metropolitan area of Pakistan.[4]


Abbasi Mosque
Farid Gate Bahawalpur

The princely state of Bahawalpur was founded in 1802 by Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan II after the break-up of the Durrani Empire. The city is over 4.51 kilometres long. Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan III signed a treaty with the British on 22 February 1833, guaranteeing the independence of the Nawab. The state acceded to Pakistan on 7 October 1947 when Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur[5] decided to join Pakistan at the time of independence. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Bahawalpur state. Bahawalpur became a province of Pakistan in 1952 and was merged into the province of West Pakistan on 14 October 1955. When West Pakistan was divided into four provinces — Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Punjab — Bahawalpur was amalgamated in Punjab.


Irrigation from canals such as this provides the city with fertile soil for crop production.
Farid Gate square

The main crops for which Bahawalpur is recognised are cotton, sugarcane, wheat, sunflower seeds, rape/mustard seed and rice. Bahawalpur mangoes, citrus, dates and guavas are some of the fruits exported out of the country. Vegetables include onions, tomatoes, cauliflower, potatoes and carrots. Being an expanding industrial city, the government has revolutionised and libertised various markets, allowing the caustic soda, cotton ginning and pressing, flour mills, fruit juices, general engineering, iron and steel re-rolling mills, looms, oil mills, poultry feed, sugar, textile spinning, textile weaving, vegetable ghee and cooking oil industries to flourish.[6]

Solar Park[edit]

Near the city the Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park is being erected, a photovoltaic power station named after Quaid-e-Azam, the founder of Pakistan. It is the first ever utility scale solar power plant in the country and is to have an capacity of 1,000 MW when finished in 2016. A first phase was brought online in April 2015 and opened by Pakistan’s Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif and Chinese President, Xi Jinping.[7][8]


Public schools[edit]

Bahawalpur Central Library
Sadiq Dane High School

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Bahawalpur is home to The Islamia University of Bahawalpur and Quaid-e-Azam Medical College.


Bahawal Stadium is the multipurpose stadium, home to domestic cricket team Bahawalpur Stags. It hosted an only Test match against India in 1955.

Notable people[edit]


See also[edit]


External links[edit]