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Arnouphis or Harnuphis was an Egyptian who, according to Dio Cassius, saved the Roman legion XII Fulminata during a campaign against the Quadi in about AD 172 by calling up a rainstorm.[1] Dio Cassius calls Arnouphis a magos, originally a term for Zoroastrian priests. David Frankfurter says that Arnouphis was an Egyptian priest, but he was called a magos because Romans regarded priests from many Near Eastern cultures as fitting a single stereotype of exotic magicians.[2]


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  2. ^ Frankfurter, David (1998). Religion in Roman Egypt: Assimilation and Resistance. Princeton University Press. pp. 236–237.