Arthur John Lee
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
for Vancouver East
July 8, 1974 – May 21, 1979
|Preceded by||Paddy Neale|
|Succeeded by||Margaret Mitchell|
|Leader of the British Columbia Liberal Party|
|Preceded by||Shirley McLoughlin|
|Succeeded by||Gordon Wilson|
|Born||September 30, 1947|
Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
|Political party||British Columbia Liberal Party|
Liberal Party of Canada
|Alma mater||University of Alberta Faculty of Law|
|Portfolio||Parliamentary Secretary to the Solicitor General of Canada (1976–1977)|
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs (1975–1976)
Arthur John Lee (Chinese: 李僑棟; born September 30, 1947) is a Canadian politician and lawyer based in British Columbia. He served as a Liberal Party of Canada Member of Parliament (MP) representing Vancouver East from 1974 to 1979, and as the leader of the British Columbia Liberal Party from 1984 to 1987, becoming the first Chinese Canadian to lead a provincial or federal political party.
Art Lee was born in Lethbridge, Alberta. His father ran a business in Edmonton after serving in the Royal Canadian Air Force, and his great-grandfather worked as a translator during the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. After graduating from the University of Alberta Faculty of Law in 1972, he was called to the bar in British Columbia in 1973, and joined the law firm of Frank Lew in Vancouver.
As a fourth-generation Chinese Canadian, Art Lee was not fluent in the Chinese language. After becoming MP, he took Cantonese lessons to facilitate communications with Chinese residents in his constituency.
Lee ran as a candidate of the Liberal Party of Canada in the 1974 federal election, winning the riding of Vancouver East against incumbent New Democratic Party (NDP) candidate Paddy Neale by just 57 votes. He served as parliamentary secretary to the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs from 1975 to 1976, and as parliamentary secretary to the Solicitor General of Canada from 1976 to 1977. In the subsequent 1979 election, he lost the seat to NDP candidate Margaret Mitchell, and again in 1980.
After Shirley McLoughlin resigned as leader of the British Columbia Liberal Party in 1983, Lee won the leadership election in 1984 against three opponents. At that time, the party had little popular support due to its association with the federal Liberals, and it held no seats in the British Columbia Legislative Assembly. Lee attempted to enter the legislature by running in the Vancouver East by-election on November 8, 1984, but lost to British Columbia New Democratic Party candidate Bob Williams.
In the 1986 provincial election, Lee ran for one of two seats in Vancouver-Little Mountain alongside fellow Liberal candidate Joyce Statton; the seats were won by incumbent Social Credit candidates Grace McCarthy and Doug Mowat. The Liberals were once again shut out of the legislature, but the party won 6.74% of the popular vote, more than double what they had received in the 1983 election. Thereafter Lee announced his resignation as party leader, staying on until Gordon Wilson was acclaimed as the new Liberal leader in October 1987.
|1986 British Columbia general election: Vancouver-Little Mountain|
|Social Credit||Grace Mary McCarthy||18,049||22.15|
|Social Credit||Doug Mowat||15,962||19.58|
|New Democratic||Colin Patrick Kelly||15,717||19.28|
|New Democratic||Adrienne Hazel Peacock||15,407||18.90|
|Liberal||Arthur John "Art" Lee||10,627||13.04|
|Liberal||Joyce E. Statton||5,498||6.75|
|People's Front||Dorothy Jean O'Donnell||128||0.16|
|People's Front||Allan H. Bezanson||111||0.14|
|Total valid votes||81,499||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||1,219|
|British Columbia provincial by-election, November 8, 1984: Vancouver East|
Resignation of Dave Barrett
|New Democratic||Bob Williams||12,857||55.50|
|Liberal||Arthur John "Art" Lee||6,287||27.14|
|Social Credit||Mario Caravetta||3,743||16.16|
|Independent||David John Ford||79||0.34|
|Total valid votes||23,166||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||364|
|1980 Canadian federal election: Vancouver East|
|New Democratic||Margaret Anne Mitchell||14,245||43.91||+1.21|
|Liberal||Arthur John "Art" Lee||12,979||40.01||+0.97|
|Progressive Conservative||David N. Kilbey||4,742||14.62||-1.92|
|Rhinoceros||Dandy Randy Lyttle||198||0.61||–|
|Communist||J. Fred Wilson||179||0.55||+0.02|
|Total valid votes||32,438||100.0|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||+0.12|
|1979 Canadian federal election: Vancouver East|
|New Democratic||Margaret Anne Mitchell||13,697||42.71||+6.44|
|Liberal||Arthur John "Art" Lee||12,522||39.04||+2.57|
|Progressive Conservative||Cecil H. Leng||5,304||16.54||-8.91|
|Social Credit||Carlo Dallavalle||334||1.04||–|
|Communist||J. Fred Wilson||170||0.53||-0.59|
|Marxist–Leninist||Brian K. Sproule||44||0.14||-0.55|
|Total valid votes||32,071||100.0|
|New Democratic gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.94|
|1974 Canadian federal election: Vancouver East|
|Liberal||Arthur J. "Art" Lee||9,671||36.48||+5.13|
|New Democratic||C.P. Paddy Neale||9,614||36.26||-12.55|
|Progressive Conservative||Hartley Hubbs||6,747||25.45||+8.91|
|Total valid votes||26,511||100.0|
|Liberal gain from New Democratic||Swing||+8.84|
- "Arthur John (Art) Lee, M.P." Library of Parliament. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- 林岳鋆 (November 6, 1984). 來稿：支持李僑棟競選雲東區省議員 [Letter: In support of Art Lee for Vancouver East MLA] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- 簡建平 (June 27, 1974). 來件：雲高華各選區自由黨國會議員候選人簡介 [Letter: Brief profiles of Liberal MP candidates in Vancouver ridings] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Full text of "University of Alberta Part Two of the Sixty-second Annual Convocation for the Conferring of Degrees - May 1972 - Spring Part II - 1972"". Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- 林欣 (October 21, 1986). 面對省選又肩負黨領職責 李僑棟談自由黨 [Facing the provincial election and shouldering the responsibilities of party leader, Art Lee talks about the Liberals] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- 李僑棟下屆遇勁敵 [Art Lee faces formidable opponent in the next election] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. February 6, 1978. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Candidates: Arthur John Lee". Canadian Elections Database. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Pierre is 'Canada's Indira Ghandi'" (PDF). The Ubyssey. February 19, 1980. p. 16. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- 卑詩自由黨大會 李僑棟膺選黨領 [Art Lee elected leader at BC Liberal convention] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. April 2, 1984. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Hedstrom, Arnold (April 4, 1984). "Liberals meet at provincial conference". The Ubyssey. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "Electoral History of British Columbia 1871-1986" (PDF). Elections British Columbia. 1988. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- "1986 British Columbia Election". Canadian Elections Database. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- 卑詩省選昨揭曉 社信黨蟬聯執政 [BC provincial election results revealed yesterday: Socreds stay in power] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. October 23, 1986. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- "1983 British Columbia Election". Canadian Elections Database. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- 卑詩省自由黨 月底選新黨領 [BC Liberals to choose new leader at the end of the month] (in Traditional Chinese). The Chinese Times. October 27, 1987. Retrieved January 16, 2021.