Arthur Caron (December 16, 1883 - July 4, 1914) was a French Canadian anarchist and a member of the Industrial Workers of the World. He masterminded an attempt to assassinate John D. Rockefeller using a bomb constructed from dynamite. While building the device, he was killed along with Carl Hanson, and Charles Berg on July 4, 1914, when his bomb prematurely exploded. The blast also killed a renter of the building who was not part of the plot and injured dozens of others.  In the wake of Caron's death, some 5,000 mourners gathered in New York's Union Square, where anarchist leaders Alexander Berkman and Rebecca Edelson among others spoke in memory of those who died.
- "Exploded in Apartment Occupied by Tarrytown Disturbers. Only One Escaped Alive". The New York Times. July 5, 1914. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
A large quantity of dynamite, which the police and certain friends of the leaders of the I. W. W. believe was being made into a bomb to be used in blowing up John D. Rockefeller's Tarrytown home, exploded prematurely at 9:16 o'clock in the upper story or on the roof of the new seven-story model tenement house at 1,626 Lexington Avenue.
- "5,000 at Memorial to Anarchist Dead". New York Times. 12 July 1914.
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