Arthur Upton Fanshawe
|Arthur Upton Fanshawe|
Sir Arthur Upton Fanshawe in 1898
|Born||December 18, 1848|
|Died||1931, aged 82|
Fanshawe was born in Essex on December 18, 1848, the son of Rev. John Faithfull Fanshawe and elder brother of Herbert Charles Fanshawe, and was educated at Repton School. He passed the Civil Service entrance exam in 1869. He took a post with the Bengal Civil Service in 1871, and was appointed to the position of postmaster for Bombay in 1882. After a stint serving in the Finance and Commerce Department, in 1889 he became the Governor of the Indian Post Office, a position he held until 1906.
In 1893, Queen Victoria announced the creation of a Royal Commission on Opium to regulate the British opium trade in the Far East. Fanshawe, a supporter of the opium trade, was nominated to the Commission by the Indian Government. The Commission's report found that opium use in Asia was not a major problem in Asia and its conclusions effectively removed the opium question from the British public agenda for another 15 years.
- Sir Bernard Burke (1925). A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry. Burke Pub. Co. p. 605. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- The Cyclopedia of India: biographical, historical, administrative, commercial. The Cyclopedia Publishing Co. 1907. p. 156. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Paul C. Winther (30 July 2005). Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire: Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895. Lexington Books. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-7391-1274-8. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Dictionary of Indian Biography. Ardent Media. p. 143. GGKEY:BDL52T227UN. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Brook, T and Wakabayashi, B; Opium Regimes: China, Britain and Japan 1839-1952, University of California Press 2000, ISBN 978-0-520-22236-6 p39
- Baumler, Alan (2007). The Chinese and Opium under the Republic: Worse Than Floods and Wild Beasts. State University of New York. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-7914-6953-8. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
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