Arthur Rose Vincent CBE (9 June 1876 – 24 September 1956) was a British politician and barrister. He also served as a judge of various British colonial and extraterritorial courts. Together with his parents-in-law, he donated Muckross House and its estate to the Irish state.
Vincent was born into an Anglo-Irish family based in Summerhill House in Clonlara, County Clare. His parents were Colonel Arthur Hare Vincent (1840–1916) and Elizabeth Rose Davidson-Manson (1844–1879).
Vincent was educated at Wellington College, Berkshire, College de France, Paris and at Trinity College, Dublin. He graduated with a Bachelor of Laws and qualified as Barrister-at-Law with King's Inn, Dublin.
In 1903, Vincent joined the Foreign Office Judicial service. In that year, he was appointed Magistrate in Kisumu, British East Africa. In 1905, he appointed Second Assistant Judge in Zanzibar. With effect from April 1906, he was appointed Assistant Judge for the British Court for Siam in Bangkok. In 1908, he was appointed Acting Assistant Judge of the British Supreme Court for China and Corea in Shanghai while the Judge of the Court Havilland de Sausmarez was on sick leave. He served in that position for one year. He met his future wife travelling from Shanghai to San Francisco. He returned to Zanzibar as Acting Assistant Judge briefly from October 1909 to January 1910, when he resigned from Foreign Office service.
Vincent was an independent member of Seanad Éireann from 1931 to 1934. He was elected at a by-election on 28 May 1931 taking the seat vacated by the death of Patrick W. Kenny. He was re-elected in 1931 for 9 years. He resigned on 21 February 1934 due to reasons of ill-health. Patrick Lynch was elected at a by-election to replace him.
In 1932, finding the management and expense of the Muckross estate too difficult and too expensive, Vincent and his parents-in-law Mr. and Mrs. William Bowers Bourn donated Muckross House and its 11,000 acres estate to the Irish state as a memorial to Maud Bourn Vincent. It now forms part of Killarney National Park. In 1937 he left Ireland for Monaco, where he lived for most of the rest of his life. Only during World War II did he come back to Ireland. He is buried in the Killegy graveyard near Muckross House.
Vincent married Maud Bowers Bourn, the daughter of William Bowers Bourn in 1910. They had two children, Elizabeth Rose (1915–1983) and Arthur William Bourn (1919–2012). After Maud's death from pneumonia in 1929, Vincent married Dorothy Lavinia Emily Hughes (née Croutear) (1896–1988) in 1933.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
- Foreign Office List, 1911
- London Gazette, 1 May 1905, p3245
- London Gazette, May 25, 1906.
- North China Herald, June 6, 1908
- "No. 31114". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 January 1919. p. 451.
- "Mr. Arthur Vincent". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "Resignation of a Senator". Houses of the Oireachtas. 9 December 1924. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Patricia O′Hare: ″The Bourn Vincent Family of Muckross″ in ″Killarney History and Heritage″, The Collins Press, Cork 2005, p.214, ISBN 1-903464-55-2