Arvigo

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Arvigo
Former municipality of Switzerland
Arvigo04.JPG
Coat of arms of Arvigo
Coat of arms
Arvigo is located in Switzerland
Arvigo
Arvigo
Arvigo is located in Canton of Graubünden
Arvigo
Arvigo
Coordinates: 46°18′N 9°6′E / 46.300°N 9.100°E / 46.300; 9.100Coordinates: 46°18′N 9°6′E / 46.300°N 9.100°E / 46.300; 9.100
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
Government
 • Mayor Raimondo Denicolà
Area
 • Total 17.01 km2 (6.57 sq mi)
Elevation 876 m (2,874 ft)
Population (Dec 2013)
 • Total 87
 • Density 5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
Postal code 6543
SFOS number 3801
Surrounded by Braggio, Buseno, Cauco, Cresciano (TI), Osogna (TI), San Vittore, Selma
Website www.arvigo.ch
SFSO statistics

Arvigo is a former municipality in the district of Moesa in the south of the Swiss canton of Graubünden, next to Ticino. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Arvigo, Braggio, Cauco and Selma merged to form the new municipality of Calanca.[1]

History[edit]

Arvigo is first mentioned in 1453 as Arvicho.[2]

Geography[edit]

Local District Court of the Calanca district

Before the merger, Arvigo had a total area of 17.0 km2 (6.6 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 11.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 53.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (33.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Calanca sub-district of the Moesa district. It is the capital of the Val Calanca and also home to the local District Court. It consists of the village of Arvigo and since 1980 the hamlets of Landarenca.

Demographics[edit]

Arvigo had a population (as of 2013) of 87.[3] As of 2008, 29.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -8.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (78.3%), with German being second most common (10.9%) and Portuguese being third ( 5.4%).[5]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 54.8% male and 45.2% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Arvigo is; 4 children or 4.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 2 teenagers or 2.2% are 10 to 14, and no one is between 15 and 19. Of the adult population, 12 people or 13.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 19 people or 20.7% are 30 to 39, 7 people or 7.6% are 40 to 49, and 9 people or 9.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 15 people or 16.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 15 people or 16.3% are 70 to 79, there are 6 people or 6.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 3.3% who are 90 to 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (22.6%), the SP (20%) and the FDP (15.5%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Arvigo about 53.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Arvigo has an unemployment rate of 1.85%. As of 2005, there were 11 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. 89 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 5 businesses in this sector. 9 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][6]

year population
1691 400
1733 352
1850 110
1900 226
1950 152
1960 131
1970 150
1980 112
1990 115
2000 92a
2010 97
^a includes Landarenca village

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
  2. ^ a b Arvigo in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 19 January 2015
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]