Aspen Mountain (ski area)
"Ajax" in April 2005
|Location||White River National Forest|
Aspen, Pitkin County,
|Nearest major city||Aspen|
|Vertical||3,267 ft (996 m)|
|Top elevation||11,212 ft (3,417 m)|
|Base elevation||7,945 ft (2,422 m)|
|Skiable area||673 acres (2.7 km2)|
|Runs||76 total |
- 0% beginner
- 48% intermediate
- 26% advanced
- 26% expert
|Longest run||3 miles (5 km)|
|Lift system||8 total|
- 1 gondola
- 1 high-speed quad chair
- 1 high-speed triple
- 1 quad chair
- 2 double chairs
- 2 secondary lifts
|Lift capacity||10,755 / hr|
|Snowfall||300 in (760 cm)|
|Snowmaking||31% of area|
Aspen Mountain (often called by its former name of Ajax among locals) is a ski area in the western United States, located in Pitkin County, Colorado, just outside and above the city of Aspen. It is situated on the north flank of Aspen Mountain (for which it is named) at an elevation of 11,212 ft (3,417 m). Aspen Mountain forms the end of Richmond Ridge, a long ridge that extends 10 miles south at approximately 11,000 ft (3,400 m) to join the main spine of the Elk Mountains.
Founded 75 years ago in 1946 by Walter Paepcke, Aspen was the first ski area venture of the Aspen Skiing Company. It is one of four adjacent ski areas operated by the company as part of the Aspen/Snowmass complex. At only 673 acres (2.7 km2), it is somewhat small compared to other ski areas, especially compared to the much larger nearby Snowmass ski area, and retains a unique cultural flavor that harkens to the earlier days of recreational skiing in the state. The ski area is located within the White River National Forest and is operated under permit from the U.S. Forest Service. It has three restaurants on the mountain; two are on top (one of which is a club that only allows members) and one mid-mountain.
History and description
Prior to 1946, the mountain had been the site of skiing using a crude boat lift, and by the use of the jeep trails up the back side of the mountain on Midnight Mine Road. In 1941, Aspen's first national downhill and slalom championships were held March 8–9. Fritz Benedict visited Aspen for the first time, the father of the 10th Mountain Hut and Trail System. The foundation of the ski area in 1946 was accomplished with the installation of the single-seat chairlift, Lift-1. When it began operations on December 14, 1946, it was the longest chairlift in the world. Many of the first employees were veterans of the 10th Mountain Division, which had trained at Camp Hale, including Friedl Pfeifer of Austria and Pete Seibert. Before the war, Pfeifer had headed the ski school at Sun Valley and did the same at Aspen; Seibert was a member of the Aspen ski patrol would later found Vail Mountain (in 1962). In its fourth season, Aspen hosted the 1950 World Championships, the first world championships held outside of Europe, and the first since 1939.
Lift-1 ran until 1972, when it was replaced by two double chairlifts, Shadow Mountain (commonly referred to as 1A) and Ruthie's. Access to the mountain was radically changed in 1986 with the installation of the Silver Queen Gondola, which ascends to the summit up the east side of the area with a vertical rise of 3,267 ft (996 m). The area's lifts also include 1 high-speed quad, 1 high-speed triple, 2 quads, and 3 doubles.
The gondola is one of two lifts, along with the Little Nell chairlift, which ascend from Gondola Plaza in the heart of the downtown Aspen. The configuration allows visitors to ascend the mountain from the center of town, and ski down the Little Nell Run back into town. The mountainside contains hidden and open remains of the intense silver mining activity from the Colorado Silver Boom in the late 1880s and early 1890s. In January 2001, it was decided to end Aspen Mountain's long-time ban on snowboarding. However, as a courtesy to season-pass holders, the resort was not officially opened to snowboarders until April 1, 2001. The longest run is 3 miles (4.8 km) and the lift capacity is 10,755 riders per hour. The average annual snowfall is 300 inches (7.6 m). It has snowmaking capabilities of 210 acres (0.84 km²), which comprises approximately one-third of the area. The mountain is considered moderate-to-difficult with no "green" (beginner) runs. Its sister mountain, Aspen Highlands, also has no beginner terrain as of December 2017. Novice skiers must go to Snowmass or Buttermilk. Approximately 26% of the terrain is considered expert. The season on the mountain ranges from late November to early April. It is typically the last area, along with nearby Snowmass, in the resort complex to close for the winter.
The ski area has a unique "homespun" culture that dates from its early foundation as part of the Utopian social experiment in Aspen created by Walter Paepcke in the 1940s, retaining somewhat of a throwback culture in comparison to the other three areas of the complex. The culture is reflected in the numerous homemade memorials and tributes that dot the trees of mountains created in honor of famous personages such as John Denver and Hunter S. Thompson.
- North: 50%
- East: 23%
- West: 27%
Spring skiing on Aspen Mountain
- Association, International Skiing History (Dec 2007). "Panty Tree?". Skiing Heritage Journal. 19 (4): 6. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- Steiner, Christopher. "ZRankings Best Ski Resorts, Topological Survey, Aspen Mountain". ZRankings - Aspen Mountain. ZRankings.
- Beidleman, Neal (2006) Aspen Ski and Snowboard Guide Wolverine Publishing ISBN 9780972160971
- Skiing Heritage (1997) "Skiing Comes to Aspen" Volume 9 #2
- Shelton, Peter (1996) Aspen Skiing: The First Fifty Years Western Eye Press ISBN 9780941283144
- Asmus, Brad (1993) The Local's Guide To Skiing Aspen ISBN 0-9631113-3-7
- O'Rear (1966) The Aspen story NY: A. S. Barnes OCLC 1648202
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