Astronotus crassipinnis is a South American fish in the cichlid family from the southern Amazon basin and the Paraná–Paraguay basins. It is not as well-known or common in the aquarium trade as its relative, the more northernly distributed oscar (A. ocellatus). A. crassipinnis reaches up to 25 cm (10 in) in length.
The genus name Astronotus comes from the Greek words "Astra" which means ray and "Noton" means back. The species name crassipinnis comes from the Greek words "Crassus" came from the word fat and "Pinna" means fish.