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The building comprises three distinct elements: an 18-storey towerblock containing 270 offices and tutorial rooms; a low-rise building, known within the University as the Attenborough Seminar Block, containing seminar rooms and computing facilities; and an underground area housing two large lecture theatres and the University Film Theatre.
It was designed by Arup Associates and constructed 1968–70 with Ove Arup as the chief engineers. The university's development plan at the time called for two other similar towers, but these were never built.
The building was named after Frederick Attenborough, who was principal of the then University College 1931–1951, and father of Richard and David Attenborough. At the time of the opening ceremony, Frederick was old and frail, so the building was opened on his behalf by his youngest son John. Until the renovations of 2005, a portrait of Frederick hung in the foyer.
The tower reaches a height of 52 metres, making it one of the tallest buildings in the city. It is constructed with a concrete frame, cast in-situ, and clad with pre-cast concrete panels. The slanting aluminium-framed windows protrude outwards at the bottom to aid draught-free ventilation throughout the year. Each floor consists of three leaves of space containing the offices. These are separated by the central lobby and service area, which contains a staircase, lift, and one of the few surviving paternosters in the United Kingdom. The lowest two levels of the tower house a plant room with a boiler that serves half of the entire university campus. Visitors descending on the paternoster must alight at floor 2, otherwise must wait as the compartment traverses the pit and emerges the other side. Travelling "over the top" or "underneath" on the paternoster is considered a rite of passage by many students at the University.[according to whom?]
The University's hilltop location makes the top floor of the tower one of the best vantage points in the city, to the extent that the University have fixed a notice at the base of the tower warning tourists that it is not open for the public "to view the city from a height". The top floor currently houses offices for the research students of the School of Archaeology and Ancient History, and formerly contained music practice rooms, including a full-size grand piano, until it was moved out on 29 March 2007. In high winds, the top of the tower can be felt to sway significantly.[dubious ]
The seminar block includes the main entrance to the building. It is connected to the second floor of the tower by a covered bridge. It contains small teaching rooms on four levels, including one basement level. During the summer of 2005, the block underwent significant refurbishment, including work to install a lift to make the building conform to the Disability Discrimination Act – previously, access to the different levels of the seminar block was by staircase only. While the base of the tower uses yellow-brown brick seen in other buildings on campus, the seminar block features a concrete finish that more closely matches Denys Lasdun's adjacent brutalist Charles Wilson Building.
In front of the main entrance is a raised piazza, beneath which are the subterranean lecture theatres. There are two lecture theatres, seating 204 and 96 people respectively. The third room was previously a proscenium theatre, and was used by the Leicester University Theatre (LUT) society for their performances. In 2003, the theatre was converted into the 144-seat University Film Theatre, featuring a projection screen and surround sound system, in preparation of the launch of a new Film Studies degree. The film theatre is also used by the students' Film Society, Science Fiction and Fantasy Society and Anime and Manga Society.
The building should not be confused with the Attenborough Arts Centre, which is located on the opposite side of University Road, adjacent to the University's Medical Sciences Building.
Thoughts on the building
|“||...eighteen monotonous storeys, prickly with window units angled out from top to bottom of the pre-cast concrete panels, a feature more successful inside than out.||”|
|— Nikolaus Pevsner|
- Richards, Simon (2012). Architect knows best : environmental determinism in architecture culture from 1956 to the present. Farnham: Ashgate. ISBN 978-1-4094-3922-6. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (1985). Leicestershire and Rutland (2nd (revised) ed.). Yale University Press. p. 255. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Attenborough Tower, University of Leicester.|
- on YouTube
- "Attenborough Building, Leicester University". Archived from the original on 28 September 2001. Retrieved 28 September 2001. , Arup Associates
- "University of Leicester Development Plan 2002". Archived from the original on 15 November 2002. Retrieved 15 November 2002.
- Attenborough Building Centrally Timetabled Rooms, University of Leicester Audio Visual Services