Aubrey de Vere II

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Aubrey de Vere (c. 1085 – May 1141) — also known as "Alberic[us] de Ver" and "Albericus regis camerarius" (the king's chamberlain)— was the second of that name in England after the Norman Conquest, being the eldest surviving son of Aubrey de Vere and his wife Beatrice.

Aubrey II served as one of the king's chamberlains and as a justiciar under kings Henry I and Stephen.[1] Henry I also appointed him as sheriff of London and Essex and co-sheriff with Richard Basset of eleven counties. In 1130 he owed the king for various offenses including the escape of prisoners under his custody, 550 pounds and four palfreys.[2] This implies he would have been in charge of prisoners on a regular basis. In June 1133, that king awarded the office of Lord Great Chamberlain to Aubrey and his heirs. A frequent witness of royal charters for Henry I and Stephen, he appears to have accompanied Henry to Normandy only once. The chronicler William of Malmesbury reports that in 1139, Aubrey was King Stephen's spokesman to the church council at Winchester, when the king had been summoned to answer for the seizure of castles held by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury and his nephews, the bishops of Ely and Lincoln.[3] In May 1141, during the English civil war, Aubrey was killed by a London mob and was buried in the family mausoleum at Colne Priory, Essex.

In addition to his patronage of Colne Priory, Aubrey either founded or financially supported a cell of the Benedictine abbey St. Melanie in Rennes, Brittany, at Hatfield Broadoak or Hatfield Regis, Essex. The stone tower at Hedingham, in Essex, was most likely begun by Aubrey and completed by his son and heir, another Aubrey de Vere, who was later created Earl of Oxford; his descendants held that title and the office that in later centuries was known as Lord Great Chamberlain until the extinction of the Vere male line in 1703.[4]

His wife Adeliza, daughter of Gilbert fitz Richard of Clare, survived her husband for twenty-two years. For most of that time she was a corrodian at St. Osyth's Priory, Chich, Essex.[5]

Their known children are:


  1. ^ Davis, et al.: "Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum" (Oxford University Press, 1913–68), v. 2
  2. ^ Carlin, Martha; Crouch, David (22 March 2013). Lost Letters of Medieval Life: English Society, 1200–1250. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8122-4459-5.
  3. ^ William of Malmesbury, Historiæ novellæ libri tres, ed. William Stubbs (London: 1889), 551–552.
  4. ^ Cokayne, George: "The Complete Peerage", v. 10. St. Catherine Press, 1910–58.
  5. ^ R. De Aragon, "Aubrey de Vere II", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" vol. 56 (Oxford: 2004), 278–9.
Preceded by Lord Great Chamberlain
Succeeded by