Auburndale (MBTA station)

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AUBURNDALE
Outbound train stopped at Auburndale.JPG
An outbound train stopped at Auburndale in May 2012
Location 477 Lexington Street
Auburndale, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°20′45″N 71°15′01″W / 42.3458°N 71.2503°W / 42.3458; -71.2503Coordinates: 42°20′45″N 71°15′01″W / 42.3458°N 71.2503°W / 42.3458; -71.2503
Owned by MBTA
Line(s)
Platforms 1 side platform
Tracks 2
Connections Bus transport MBTA Bus: 505, 558
Construction
Parking 35 spaces ($4.00 daily)
2 accessible spaces
Bicycle facilities Racks available
Other information
Fare zone 2
History
Opened Early 1850s[2]
Closed January 30 - March 16, 1981 (temporary)[1]
Rebuilt 1881 (H. H. Richardson depot)
1961 (modern station)
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 325 (weekday inbound average)[3]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Worcester
Framingham/Worcester Line
  Former services  
New York Central Railroad
toward Worcester
Worcester Line
toward Boston

Auburndale is a regional rail station on the MBTA Commuter Rail Framingham/Worcester Line, located next to the Massachusetts Turnpike in Auburndale, Massachusetts near Lasell College. The modern bare station platform, built in 1961, replaced a highly acclaimed 1881 depot building designed by H. H. Richardson. Commuter service at Auburndale is oriented towards rush hour service, but a handful of off-peak locals stop as well, as do all weekend trains.

A full renovation of the station for handicapped accessibility is planned. However, the project has attracted criticism because of concerns it will degrade service on the entire line.[4]

History[edit]

Opening[edit]

1881 station on an early color postcard
The station in 1959, shortly before its demolition

The Boston and Worcester Railroad opened the segment from West Newton to Wellesley Hills in July 1834.[5] A second track was added in 1839, and in 1843 the railroad began offering season fares for around $60, making it one of the first commuter rail systems.[5] Due to the popularity of the other Newton stops, a station at Auburndale was opened in the early 1850s.[2] The depot was located on the south side of the tracks in a large open area at the intersection of Auburn Street, Lexington Street, and several other roads.[6] In 1867, the Boston & Worcester joined with the Western Railroad to become the Boston & Albany Railroad.[5]

H.H. Richardson depot[edit]

Beginning in 1881, the Boston & Albany began a massive improvement program that included the building of over 30 new stations along its main line as well as the Highland Branch, which it bought in 1883. Acclaimed architect H. H. Richardson was hired to design several stations (eventually nine) along the line, starting with Auburndale. Although not as grand as some of his other B&A works like Framingham and Palmer stations, the Auburndale station's design was highly praised. Henry-Russell Hitchcock called it "the best he ever built" in The Architecture of H.H. Richardson and His Time, and a 1904 architecture journal claimed that Richardson's depots at Auburndale and Chestnut Hill "created a new standard of way-station construction."[7][8]

The 1881 station was constructed in Richardson's signature Richardsonian Romanesque style, with influence from Japanese architecture as well as Romanesque Revival architecture. The one-story building was built from "red and light grey granite", with "heavy masonry and dominant roof."[7] The interior was divided into a pair of waiting rooms for men and women, with a ticket counter between.[9] The platform was shaded by a canopy, which wrapped around the east end of the building into a porte-cochère.[7][8] Construction, by the Norcross Brothers firm, cost $16,290.[9] As with a number of other stations on the line, Frederick Law Olmsted designed the landscaping, which included large trees, shrubs, and Japanese ivy.[7][8][9] A replica of the station, still standing, was built by the Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway in 1911 in Orchard Park, New York.

Demolition and modern era[edit]

Modern metal shelter and bare platform
Due to the low-level platforms and the stairs to street level, Auburndale is not currently handicapped accessible

Despite the accolades, H. H. Richardson's depot was torn down in 1961 after 80 years in service. The extension of the Massachusetts Turnpike from Route 128 to downtown Boston involved removing two of the line's four tracks from Auburndale to downtown. The historic stations at Auburndale, West Newton, Newtonville, Newton Corner, and Brighton were demolished; only the Allston depot survived. Auburndale, West Newton, and Newtonville stayed in service, but with extremely diminished facilities – bare asphalt platforms with simple metal shelters. The single side platform provides access to only one of the line's two tracks; passengers use short asphalt strips to access trains on the other track. The 1961-built platform stretches from Woodland Street to Auburn Street, just west of the previous station locations.

The station was temporarily closed on January 30, 1981, as part of a series of service cuts due to a budget crisis. After six weeks without service, the station reopened on March 16, 1981.[1]

Planned renovations[edit]

The bare platform and steep metal stairs make Auburndale station inaccessible to handicapped persons. In the future, the station is planned to be rebuilt with a high-level platform and elevators or ramps to street level to meet ADA guidelines.[3] In April 20004, the Boston Regional Metropolitan Planning Organization voted to add $368,000 (funded by a federal earmark) for planning Auburndale renovations to its 2004-2008 spending plan.[10] However, the project was not pursued at that time.

Beginning in 2008, Representative Barney Frank secured $3 million in funding for design of the replacement station. 30% design plans were released in July 2013, at which point construction was estimated to cost $11.5 million.[11] 100% design was completed in January 2017, with construction scheduled for April 2017.[12]

The 100% design was unveiled at a public meeting in February 2017. It includes a full-length high-level platform on the north side of the tracks, with ramps to provide an accessible route to the village center. Because the platform would be on the opposite side of the tracks from the other Newton stations, a new interlocking would be added east of the station.[4] Although the improved access to the village center was popular with residents, the new station design was criticized by transit advocates because it would likely degrade service on the line. Trains switching tracks to access Auburndale station would prevent trains from passing in the opposite direction, which could reduce the number of trains that could be operated on the line. The MBTA did not perform traffic modeling to determine whether the station design would cause operational issues.[4]

MBTA Bus connections[edit]

Auburndale is served by two MBTA Bus routes which run on Commonwealth Avenue (Route 30) and Lexington Street to the north:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Belcher, Jonathan (19 March 2016). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2016" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Humphrey, Thomas J. & Clark, Norton D. (1985). Boston's Commuter Rail: The First 150 Years. Boston Street Railway Association. p. 22. ISBN 9780685412947. 
  3. ^ a b "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Monat, Andy (February 25, 2017). "T is rebuilding station in worst possible way". Commonwealth Magazine. Retrieved February 26, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 279–280. ISBN 0942147022. 
  6. ^ J.B. Beers & Co. (1874). "Newton 1874: Auburndale". Atlas of Newton, 1874. WardMaps LLC. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Cummings, Abbott L. & Overby, Osmund R. (March 1961) [January 1960]. "Photographs: Written Historical and Descriptive Data" (PDF). Boston & Albany Railroad Station, Auburndale, Middlesex County, MA. Historic American Buildings Survey, Engineering Record, Landscapes Survey. 
  8. ^ a b c Charles Mulford Robinson (6 February 1904). "A Railroad Beautiful". American Architect and Building News. 83 (260): 1–4. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl (1984). H.H. Richardson, Complete Architectural Works. MIT Press. p. 242. 
  10. ^ "Boston MPO Action items" (PDF). TRANSreport. Boston Regional Metropolitan Planning Organization. May 2004. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 November 2010. 
  11. ^ Jones, Trevor (18 July 2013). "MBTA looking at new Newton commuter rail station for Auburndale". Wicked Local. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  12. ^ Brelsford, Laura (December 5, 2016). "MBTA System-Wide Accessibility Initiatives: December 2016 Update" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Department of System-Wide Accessibility. p. 21. 

External links[edit]