Audification is an auditory display technique for representing a sequence of data values as sound. An audification does this by interpreting the data sequence, usually a time series, as an audio waveform: input data is mapped to sound pressure levels. Various signal processing is often used to bring out salient data features.
Audification is particularly applicable to large datasets with periodic components. Many data values are needed to make an audification, and audification allows the listener to hear periodic components as frequencies. A 2007 study by Sandra Pauletto and Andy Hunt at the University of York suggests that users were able to detect attributes such as noise, repetitive elements, regular oscillations, discontinuities, and signal power in audification of time-series data to a degree comparable with using visual inspection of spectrograms. Applications include audification of seismic data and of human neurophysiological signals.
Audification is a kind of sonification, a term which encompasses all techniques for representing data in non-speech audio.
- Hermann, T. & Ritter, H. (2004), "Sound and meaning in auditory data display" (PDF), Proceedings of the IEEE, IEEE, 92 (4): 730–741, doi:10.1109/jproc.2004.825904
- Pauletto, S. & Hunt, A. (2005), Brazil, Eoin, ed., "A comparison of audio & visual analysis of complex time-series data sets" (PDF), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD2005): 175–181
- Dombois, Florian (2001), Hiipakka, J.; Zacharov, N.; Takala, T., eds., "Using audification in planetary seismology" (PDF), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD2001): 227–230
- Olivan, J.; Kemp, B. & Roessen, M. (2004), "Easy listening to sleep recordings: tools and examples" (PDF), Sleep Medicine, 5 (6): 601–603, doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2004.07.010
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