1913 Australian referendum (Corporations)
The Constitution Alteration (Corporations) Bill 1912, was an unsuccessful Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend the Commonwealth legislative power in respect to corporations.
Do you approve of the proposed law for the alteration of the Constitution entitled "Constitution Alteration (Corporations) 1912"?
The proposal was to alter the text of section 51 of the Constitution to read as follows:
51. The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have Legislative power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to:
Foreign corporations, and trading or financial corporations formed within the limits of the Commonwealth:
- Corporations, including
- (a) the creation, dissolution, regulation, and control of corporations ;
- (b) corporations formed under the law of a State, including their dissolution, regulation, and control; but not including municipal or governmental corporations, or any corporation formed solely for religious, charitable, scientific, or artistic purposes, and not for the acquisition of gain by the ,corporation or its members ; and
- (c) foreign corporations, including their regulation and control :
|State||On rolls||Ballots issued||For||Against||Informal||Result|
|New South Wales||1,036,187||717,855||317,668||46.79||361,255||53.21||37,676||No|
|Total for Commonwealth||2,760,216||2,033,251||960,711||49.33||986,824||50.67||83,235||No|
|Obtained majority in three States and an overall minority of 26,113 votes.|
The 1911 referendum asked a single question that dealt with trade and commerce, corporations and industrial matters. This resolution separated each of those matters into a different question. Like its forebear, none of these resolutions were carried. On each of the many occasions a similar question was asked at a referendum the public decided not to vest power in the Commonwealth over these matters.
- "Constitution Alteration (Corporations) Bill 1912". Retrieved 22 April 2019 – via legislation.gov.au.
- "Notification of the receipt of a Writ for a Referendum". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (30). 25 April 1913. pp. 1097–8 – via www.legislation.gov.au..
- "Result of the Referendum". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (55). 2 August 1913. p. 1792 – via www.legislation.gov.au..
- Handbook of the 44th Parliament (2014) "Part 5 - Referendums and Plebiscites - Referendum results". Parliamentary Library of Australia. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017..
- Huddart, Parker & Co Ltd v Moorehead  HCA 36, (1909) 8 CLR 330
- Standing Committee on Legislative and Constitutional Affairs (1997) Constitutional Change: Select sources on Constitutional change in Australia 1901–1997. Australian Government Printing Service, Canberra.
- Bennett, Scott (2003). Research Paper no. 11 2002–03: The Politics of Constitutional Amendment Australian Department of the Parliamentary Library, Canberra.
- Australian Electoral Commission (2007) Referendum Dates and Results 1906 – Present AEC, Canberra.