|*Infectious bursal disease virus|
Avibirnavirus is a genus of viruses in the family Birnaviridae. Young chickens and other fowl serve as natural hosts. There are currently only one species in this genus: the type species Infectious bursal disease virus. Diseases associated with this genus include: IBDV causes severe inflammation of the bursa of fabricius. The disease causes considerable morbidity and mortality in an acute form or as a consequence of severe immunosuppression provoked by the destruction of immature B-lymphocytes within the bursa of fabricius.
Viruses in Avibirnavirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Single-shelled geometries, and T=13 symmetry. The diameter is around 70 nm. Genomes are linear and segmented, around 15.2.9-3kb in length. The genome codes for 5 proteins.
|Genus||Structure||Symmetry||Capsid||Genomic arrangement||Genomic segmentation|
Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the double-stranded RNA virus replication model. Double-stranded rna virus transcription is the method of transcription. Young chickens and other fowl serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are contamination.
|Genus||Host details||Tissue tropism||Entry details||Release details||Replication site||Assembly site||Transmission|
|Avibirnavirus||Birds||None||Cell receptor endocytosis||Budding||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Contact|
- "Virus Taxonomy: 2018b Release" (html). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
- Delmas, B; Attoui, H; Ghosh, S; Malik, YS; Mundt, E; Vakharia, VN; Ictv Report, Consortium (January 2019). "ICTV virus taxonomy profile: Birnaviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 100 (1): 5–6. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001185. PMID 30484762.
- "ICTV Report Birnaviridae".
- "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.