Avraham Yosef Shapira
|Avraham Yosef Shapira|
|Date of birth||2 March 1921|
|Place of birth||Romania|
|Year of aliyah||1949|
|Date of death||26 June 2000(aged 79)|
|Knessets||10, 11, 13|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1992–1996||United Torah Judaism|
Born in Romania in 1921, Shapira attended the Kokhav MeYa'akov yeshiva in Trzebinia, and was later certified as a teacher. He made aliyah to Israel in 1949. He began working with his father, a furrier. In 1959 he bought a carpet factory, Carmel Carpets, in Or Akiva. At its peak the business employed 1,600 employees and had an annual turnover of $500 million.
He joined Agudat Yisrael, and became chairman of its Tel Aviv branch. He was elected to the Knesset on the party's list in 1981 and became chairman of the governing coalition. He was re-elected in 1984, after which he chaired the Finance Committee. He also served as chairman of the Bank of Israel's steering committee, wielding a strong influence on the country's financial state.
He lost his seat in the 1988 elections, but returned to the Knesset in 1992 (by which time the party had formed the United Torah Judaism alliance with Degel HaTorah). He lost his seat again in the 1996 elections.
He died in 2000 at the age of 79.
- Avraham Shapira: Religious powerbroker of Israel's turbulent politics The Guardian, 4 July 2000
- Avraham Yosef Schapira: Public Activities Knesset website
- Avraham Yosef Shapira on the Knesset website