Blunden Harbour

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Blunden Harbour is a small harbour and native Indian reserve in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is located the mainland side of Queen Charlotte Strait – about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Port Hardy. Blunden Harbour was the location of a Kwakwaka'wakw village whose residents referred to themselves as the 'Nak'waxda'xw, known historically as the Nakoaktok.[1][2]

History[edit]

The location was named Blunden Harbour in 1863 by Daniel Pender, R.N., Captain of H.M. hired surveying vessel Beaver, after his 2nd Master Edward Raynor Blunden. Blunden Island, Blunden Rock and Blunden Passage are also named for Blunden.[3]

Although they moved about in the area between Cape Caution, Blunden Harbour and Seymour Inlet, by 1884 the 'Nak'waxda'xw had established a winter village at Blunden Harbour.[4] The Kwak'wala name for this location is alternatively written as Ba'as, Ba'a's, Paas, or Pahas. The official name of the Indian reserve is Pahas Indian Reserve 3.[5]

In the first two decades of the 20th century, the area was promoted to European settlers under the name of Port Progress. Settlement was short-lived and the name is not an official place name of Canada, though it still appears as a place name in several online databases including Google Earth.

In 1964, the community was forced to relocate to Port Hardy after the Canadian Department of Indian and Northern Affairs threatened to cut off support for housing, education, and services if they remained in their isolated location.[6] The village was burnt to the ground before the community had left in boats. This was to ensure they would not return.[7]

Art and Film[edit]

Emily Carr's Blunden Harbour totems

Blunden Harbour was home to a well-known school of Kwakwaka'wakw artists, the most notable being Willie Seaweed.[8]

Blunden Harbour is the title of an Emily Carr painting based on a 1901 photograph taken by Dr Charles F. Newcombe of the village.[9][10] The painting was made between 1927 and 1932 and is currently on display in the National Gallery of Canada.[11]

Blunden Harbour is also the title of 22 minute anthropological film by made by Robert Gardner in 1951.[12][13] In it, Gardiner inaccurately describes the location of Blunden Harbour as being "a small village on the coast of Vancouver Island...".[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ronald W. Hawker. Yakuglas' Legacy: The Art and Times of Charlie James. University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division; 6 January 2017. ISBN 978-1-4426-2014-8. p. 88–.
  2. ^ Sessional Papers of the Parliament of the Dominion of Canada. Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty [etc.]]; 1914. p. 223.
  3. ^ Walbran, Captain John T. (1971), British Columbia Place Names, Their Origin and History (Facsimile reprint of 1909 ed.), Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, ISBN 0-88894-143-9, archived from the original on 2016-03-03, retrieved 2008-07-13
  4. ^ "Ba’as: original home of the ‘Nakwaxda’xw: History columnist Brenda McCorquodale looks at the village of Ba'as.". North Island Gazette, Brenda McCorquodaleOct. 22, 2014
  5. ^ BC Names/GeoBC entry "Pahas 3 (Indian reserve)"
  6. ^ "Gwa’sala-‘Nakwaxda’xw warns dealers and bootleggers they are not welcome". North Island Gazette, Tyson Whitney Jan. 12, 2018.
  7. ^ Indian and Northern Affairs Canada Archived April 15, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Willie Seaweed". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  9. ^ 26 Feet to the Charlottes: Exploring the Land of the Haida. Heritage House; 1 March 2011. ISBN 978-1-926613-90-1. p. 59–.
  10. ^ Emily Carr To The Totem Forests - Ba'a's
  11. ^ "National Gallery of Canada". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  12. ^ Looking with Robert Gardner. SUNY Press; 1 August 2016. ISBN 978-1-4384-6052-9. p. 156–.
  13. ^ Ute Lischke. Walking a Tightrope: Aboriginal People and Their Representations. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press; 2005. ISBN 978-0-88920-928-2. p. 316–.
  14. ^ Robert Gardiner - Films & Videos Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 50°54′N 127°17′W / 50.900°N 127.283°W / 50.900; -127.283