Backhouse's constant

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Binary 1.01110100110000010101001111101100…
Decimal 1.45607494858268967139959535111654…
Hexadecimal 1.74C153ECB002353B12A0E476D3ADD…
Continued fraction 1 + \cfrac{1}{2 + \cfrac{1}{5 + \cfrac{1}{5 + \cfrac{1}{4 + \ddots}}}}

Backhouse's constant is a mathematical constant named after Nigel Backhouse. Its value is approximately 1.456 074 948.

It is defined by using the power series such that the coefficients of successive terms are the prime numbers,

P(x)=1+\sum_{k=1}^\infty p_k x^k=1+2x+3x^2+5x^3+7x^4+\cdots

and its multiplicative inverse as a formal power series,

Q(x)=\frac{1}{P(x)}=\sum_{k=0}^\infty q_k x^k.


\lim_{k \to \infty}\left | \frac{q_{k+1}}{q_k} \right \vert = 1.45607\ldots (sequence A072508 in OEIS).

This limit was conjectured to exist by Backhouse (1995) and the conjecture was later proved by Philippe Flajolet (1995).