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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Strepsiptera
Family: Bahiaxenidae
Bravo et al., 2009
Genus: Bahiaxenos
Bravo et al., 2009
Species: B. relictus
Binomial name
Bahiaxenos relictus
Bravo et al., 2009

Bahiaxenos relictus is the sole member of the family Bahiaxenidae, a type of winged insect. It was only discovered and described in 2009 from relictual sand dunes associated with the Rio São Francisco in Bahia, Brazil. It is considered to be the most basal living member of the order Strepsiptera, so is the sister taxon to the remaining extant species. It is known from only a single male specimen, and its biology is unknown.


  • Freddy Bravo; Hans Pohl; Alberto Silva-Neto; Rolf G. Beutel (2009). "Bahiaxenidae, a "living fossil" and a new family of Strepsiptera (Hexapoda) discovered in Brazil". Cladistics. 25 (6): 614–623. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00264.x.