Barbara Katz Rothman

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Barbara Katz Rothman
Alma materBrooklyn College, City University of New York
New York University
AwardsMentoring Awards (Sociologists for Women in Society, Eastern Sociological Society)
Lee Founders Award (Society for the Study of Social Problems)
Midwifing the Movement Award (Midwives Alliance of North America)
Scientific career
InstitutionsCity University of New York[1]

Barbara Katz Rothman (born 1948) is an American interdisciplinary and international City University of New York (CUNY) Professor of Sociology whose work encompasses medical sociology,[1] childbirth and midwifery issues, bioethics, race, disability, food studies, the sociology of knowledge and the interactions between these factors.[2]


Barbara Katz Rothman was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1948. She received her undergraduate and master's degrees from Brooklyn College and in 1979 a Ph.D in Sociology from New York University.[3][4] In 1979, she became a faculty member of Baruch College and the Graduate Centre of the City University of New York (CUNY).[1][3]

She was one of the first sociologists to look seriously at childbirth, resulting in her dissertation and first book, In Labor. She moved on to study issues in prenatal diagnosis, and the consequences of the newly developing technologies of amniocentesis and other genetic testing in pregnancy for the women involved, resulting in The Tentative Pregnancy.

In 1987, she joined other feminists of the time, including Gloria Stienem, Betty Friedan, Phyllis Chesler, Mary Daly, and Evelyn Fox Keller to write an amicius brief opposing surrogacy in the Baby M case. The brief argues that allowing women to charge a fee for bearing another couple's child would lead to their exploitation having been reduced to a commodity.[5] The Baby M case signified an advancement in reproductive technology and was the impetus for Recreating Motherhood: Ideology and Technology in a Patriarchical Society, published in 1989.[6] In the book, Katz Rothman emphasizes the social, political and technological implications of birthing and raising a child in a patriarchal society. She discusses the legal parental rights of the birth mother and child-care providers and argues for a shift in reproductive practices in order to reflect the collective experiences of women.[7] In 1991, she was awarded the Jessie Bernard Award by the American Sociological Association for Recreating Motherhood.[8]

In 1993, she was President of the Society for the Study of Social Problems,[9] which has awarded her the Lee Founders Award in 2006, and the Mentoring Award in 2019.[10] In 1995, she was awarded a Fulbright Professorship to the University of Groningen, in the Netherlands.[11] In 1998, she was the President of the Sociologists for Women in Society (SWS),[12] from which she won the Mentoring Award in 1995[13] and the SWS Feminist Lecturer Award in 1988.[14] She is also the recipient of an award for “Midwifing the Movement” from the Midwives Alliance of North America (MANA) in 2012.[15] She was the President of the Eastern Sociological Society for the 2016 presidential term,[2] and was the recipient of the Fulbright-Saastamoinen Foundation Distinguished Chair in Health Sciences 2018–2019.[16]

Journals and popular media[edit]

Barbara Katz Rothman is widely published in both popular and scholarly sources, including Social Problems, Virtual Mentor of the AMA, MIDIRS Midwifery Digest, Annual Review of Health Sciences of Australia, The Japanese Midwifery Journal, The MT. Sinai Journal of Medicine, Gender & Society, Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy, NOVA Law Review, The Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, The Chronicle of Higher Education, MS., Glamour, European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, MAMM, Conscience, Midwifery Today, and Legal Affairs. Katz Rothman coined the term 'Midwifery Model' to distinguish the work of home birth midwives from standard medical practice around birth, the 'Medical Model'.


Year Title Co-Author Publisher Note
1982 In Labor Norton Paperback title Giving Birth, updated and rewritten as Laboring On, with Wendy Simonds as co-author.
Introduced the widely used term "Midwifery Model" contradistinction to the standard medical approach to birth.
1986 The Tentative Pregnancy Viking The first book length study of women's experiences with prenatal testing, was published in Germany in 1991.
1989 Recreating Motherhood Norton 1991 recipient of the Jessie Bernard Award of the American Sociological Association.
1992 Centuries of Solace: Expressions of Maternal Grief in Popular Literature Co-author Wendy Simonds Temple University Press
1993 The Encyclopedia of Childbearing Oryx Press and Holt Publishers Named an Outstanding Reference Book by the American Library Association.
2001 The Book of Life Beacon Originally titled Genetic Maps and Human Imaginations, Norton, 1998. Rothman discusses the social, ethical and racial issues involved in the Human Genome Project. Some themes explored include the social constructions of race, the issues with studying genetic differences between races, how new genetic technologies alter the public's understanding of health, and the ethics of prenatal screening for genetic diseases. She includes both evidence-based research and personal experience to support her arguments.[17]
2005 Weaving a Family: Untangling Race and Adoption Beacon Perhaps the book developed from her own experience as a white mother adopting an African American descent newborn.
Advances in Medical Sociology Series Editor
2008 Bioethical Issues, Sociological Perspectives Editor with Elizabeth Armstrong and Rebecca Tiger Elsevier
2010 Race in an Era of Change: A Reader Heather Dalmage Oxford University Press
2012 Brave New World of Reproduction: Texts on Pregnancy, Birth and Genetic Diagnosis Mabuse-Verlag, Germany Translation to German by Hildburg Wegener, original collection.
2016 A Bun in the Oven: How the Food and Birth Movements Resist Industrialization New York University Press A Bun in the Oven traces and compares the food and the birth movements throughout the 20th century.[18]
2021 The Biomedical Empire: Lessons Learned from the Covid-19 Pandemic Stanford University Press


  1. ^ a b c "Barbara Katz Rothman". New York City: The Graduate Center (City University of New York). 2021. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "brothman". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  4. ^ "American Fulbright Grantees in Finland" (PDF). 2018–2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  5. ^ "Brief by Feminists Opposes Surrogate Parenthood". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  6. ^ "WHOSE BABY IS IT?". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  7. ^ Boulis, Ann (2002-01-01). "Recreating Motherhood (review)". Social Forces. 80 (4): 1416–1418. doi:10.1353/sof.2002.0022. ISSN 1534-7605. S2CID 141604580.
  8. ^ "Jessie Bernard Award". American Sociological Association. 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  9. ^ "The Society for the Study of Social Problems | Past Presidents, Vice-Presidents & Editors". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  10. ^ "The Society for the Study of Social Problems | Lee Founders Award Past Winners". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  12. ^ "Past Presidents and Officers". Sociologists for Women in Society. 2019-04-05. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  13. ^ "SWS Mentoring Award". Sociologists for Women in Society. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  14. ^ "SWS Feminist Lecturer Award". Sociologists for Women in Society. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  15. ^ "MANA 2015 Schedule". Midwives Alliance of North America. 2015-06-07. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  16. ^ "Sociology Professor Received Fulbright-Saastamoinen Foundation Distinguinshed Chair in Health Sciences Award – CUNY Newswire". Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  17. ^ Katz Rothman, Barbara (2001). The Book of Life: a personal and ethical guide to race, normality, and the implications of the human genome project. Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press. pp. ix-xv. ISBN 0807004510.
  18. ^ "A Bun in the Oven". NYU Press. Retrieved 2019-04-11.

External links[edit]