Barnsley, Gloucestershire

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Barnsley is located in Gloucestershire
Barnsley shown within Gloucestershire
OS grid reference SP077050
• London 80 mi (130 km) E
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cirencester
Postcode district GL7
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°44′39″N 1°53′18″W / 51.7443°N 1.8884°W / 51.7443; -1.8884Coordinates: 51°44′39″N 1°53′18″W / 51.7443°N 1.8884°W / 51.7443; -1.8884

Barnsley is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England, north-east of Cirencester. Barnsley village is 80 miles (129 km) west of London.


Barnsley's history dates to the Iron Age settlement in Barnsley Park. In A.D. 360, after the Roman invasion, a Roman villa was built at the settlement, but by 577, after the capture of Cirencester, a Saxon village called Bearmodeslea (Bearmod's glade) was established at the site.[citation needed]

The Domesday Book recorded the village's population at 24. After becoming known as Barndesley in 1197, the village became royal property under the reign of Henry VIII three hundred years later. Henry was known to let each of his wives solely enjoy the village by turns. During the time of the village's status as royal property, many of its inhabitants earned their living through agriculture and sheep, helping make the Cotswolds the centre of the wool trade.[citation needed]

The Bouchier family became the owners of the village in 1548 and held it for the next two hundred years. The family is responsible for building the village's Barnsley House, Church Cottage and parts of the Church farm.[citation needed]

The village architecture was expanded during 1810-1820 when new cottages were built along the Cirencester-Bibury road. Barnsley's population peaked in 1821 at 318 and during the First World War, the village had an estimated 200 inhabitants, of which six lost their lives during the war years of 1914-18.[citation needed]


Barnsley House in 1992 at the time Rosemary Verey was in residence

According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 162, increasing to 209 at the 2011 census.[citation needed]

One of the village's significant features is Barnsley House, with a garden designed by its former resident Rosemary Verey. Barnsley House was built in 1667 by Brereton Bourchier. The residence has, since the death of Rosemary Verey, been converted into The Barnsley House Hotel.

The Barnsley Village Garden Festival was inaugurated in 1998 and celebrated its 20th anniversary on 17 May 2008.[citation needed]

Brereton Bourchier also built the village's Church Cottage and the oldest part of what is now called the Church farm. By the 1660s, with the village's population at about 100, there was also a village inn. The village today has its own church and pub.


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