Bartolomeo Beccari

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Jacopo Bartolomeo Beccari
Bartolomeo Beccari.jpg
Born (1682-07-25)25 July 1682
Bologna, Papal States
Died 18 January 1766(1766-01-18) (aged 83)
Bologna, Papal States
Nationality Bolognese
Occupation Chemist
Known for Discovery of gluten in wheat flour

Jacopo Bartolomeo Beccari (25 July 1682 – 18 January 1766) was an Italian chemist, one of the leading scientists in Bologna in the first half of the eighteenth century. He is mainly known as the discoverer of the gluten in wheat flour.


Jacopo Bartolomeo Beccari was born in Bologna on 25 July 1682. In 1737 he was the first to give courses in chemistry at an Italian university. He carried out important research on the phosphorescence of bodies, and studied the measurement of the intensity of the light emitted[1] (De rebus aliisque adamant in phosphorum numerum referendis, 1745). He also studied the action of light on silver salts (De vi, quam ipsa per se lux habet, non colores modo, sed etiam texturam rerum, salvis interdum coloribus, immutandi, 1757). From his comments on foraminifera he is considered as one of the pioneers of microbiology.

Working at the Academy of Sciences of Bologna Institute, Beccari looked for ways to make populations resistant to famine through a new type of emergency diet.[2]

Beccari died in Bologna on 18 January 1766.



  1. ^ Beccari, Bartolomeo (1744). De quamplurimis phosphoris nunc primum detectis commentarius. Bologna, Italy: Ex typographia Laelii a Vulpe. 
  2. ^ Storia Accademia delle Scienze dell'istituto.