Battle of Saint-Denis (1678)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Battle of Saint-Denis
Part of the Franco-Dutch War
DateAugust 14-15 1678
Locationnear Saint-Denis, Spanish Netherlands (present-day Belgium)
Result French victory[1][2]
Belligerents
 France  Dutch Republic
 Spain
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of France François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg Dutch Republic William III of Orange
Casualties and losses
2,500 dead or wounded 4,500 dead or wounded

The Battle of Saint-Denis was fought on August 14-15 1678 between a French army commanded by the Marshal Luxembourg and a Dutch army under William III near Saint-Denis, a village outside Mons, then part of the Spanish Netherlands (now Belgium). It was the last battle of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-1678), fought after the peace was signed between France and the Netherlands in the Treaty of Nijmegen on August 10.

The treaty between France and Spain was not yet signed, and it was the intention of the French to make further pretexts for delay, in the hope that Mons meanwhile would fall. The report of the conclusion of peace reached the stadholder in his camp on August 13, but unofficially. On the morning of August 14 D’Estrades came personally to bring the news to Luxemburg; and the French marshal was on the point of forwarding the message to the Dutch camp, when he heard that Orange was advancing with his army to attack him, and he felt that honour compelled him to accept the challenge. A sanguinary fight took place at Saint-Denis, a short distance from Mons. William exposed his life freely, and though the result was nominally a drawn battle, he achieved his purpose. Luxembourg raised the siege of Mons, and the negotiations with Spain were pressed forward. The treaty between France and Spain was signed on September 17, 1678.

The battle was one of the most fiercely contested of the whole war. Each side had about 2,000 soldiers killed.

Present at the battle

James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth , the illegitimate son of Charles II of England , was present at the battle as commander of the Anglo-Dutch brigade, and distinguished himself.

Also present were Menno van Coehoorn (the “Dutch Vauban”), and the future Marshall Hendrik Overkirk, who is said to have saved the life of William III during the battle by cutting down an attacker who already had his pistol against the Prince’s chest.

Notes

  1. ^ Dupuy (1986), p. 566
  2. ^ Sandler (2002), p. 514

References

  • Dupuy, Richard Ernest (1986). The Encyclopedia of Military History from 3500 B.C. to the Present. Harper & Row. ISBN 9780061812354.
  • Sandler, Stanley (2002). Ground Warfare: An International Encyclopedia. 1. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781576073445.