Battle of Ypres

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The Battle of Ypres was during World War I, in the general area of the Belgian city of Ypres, where the German and the Allied armies (Belgian, French, British Expeditionary Force (B.E.F.), and Canadian) clashed. There were hundreds of thousands of casualties. But more specifically the Battle of Ypres could refer to any one of five battles which can be separately identified (and which themselves can be subdivided into smaller, named battles).

The five battles were:

  • First Battle of Ypres (October 19 – November 22, 1914). During the "Race to the Sea". More than 100,000 casualties.
  • Second Battle of Ypres (April 22 – May 15, 1915). First mass use of poison gas by the German army; included first victories of a former colonial nation (Canada) over a European power (Germany) on European soil. Around 100,000 casualties.
  • Battle of Passchendaele (July 31 – November 6, 1917) also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, cost 400,000 to 800,000 casualties.
  • Battle of the Lys (1918) (April 9 – April 29, 1918) also known as the Battle of Estaires or the Fourth Battle of Ypres. Around 200,000 casualties.
  • Fifth Battle of Ypres (September 28 – October 2, 1918) was the informal name given to the Battle of Ypres 1918. Around 10,000 Allied casualties; German casualties unknown.

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