Battle of er-Rias

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Battle of er Rias
Part of Siege of Béjaïa (1326-1329)
Result Zayyanid Victory.
Flag of Tunis during 14th century.svg Hafsid Dynasty Dz tlem2.png Kingdom of Tlemcen
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Tunis during 14th century.svg Abu Yahya Abu Bakr II Dz tlem2.png Yahya Ibn Moussa
Flag of Tunis during 14th century.svg Mohamed Ibn Abu Amran
Omar Ibn Hamza
Units involved
unknown unknown

The ‎Battle of er Rias‎ took place in 1329, ‎‎in er-Rias near a town named Mermadjenna in the land of the Hawwars.[1] It was fought between the troops of the Hafsid caliph, Abu Yahya Abu Bakr, and the army of the Zayanid sultan, Abu Tashfîn, commanded by Yahya Ibn Moussa, Omar Ibn Hamza (leader of the nomadic tribes of‎‎ Ifriqiya)‎‎ as well as the Hafsid‎‎‎‎ prince Mohamed Ibn Abu Umran, who had been the governor of Tripoli. The prince was declared caliph of the Hafsids and the army marched east.


After having had time to prepare his soldiers, Abu Yahya Abu Bakr set out to intercept Abu‎‎ Tashfîn's ‎‎army. The two armies faced each other in er-Rias in the land of the Hawwars. Abu Tashfîn's army feinted a retreat to lure the Hafsid army into mountainous terrain, where they could take advantage of their position.[2] Arab‎‎ contingents of the Hafsid army joined the Ziyanids, contributing to their victory[1].[2]


In the course of the battle, the Hafsid sultan was wounded, and the women of his family and his two sons, Ahmed and Omar, fell into the hands of the Ziyanids and were sent to Tlemcen.‎‎ Abu Yahya took refuge in Constantine,[2][3]‎ or Annaba.[1] Following this victory, the Ziyands marched on Tunis and ‎‎occupied it.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hoefer (1873). Histoire de la zoologie : depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'a nos jours [History of Zoology: From the Most Distant Times to Our Days]. Paris: Librairie Hachette. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.147878.
  2. ^ a b c Hopkins, J. F. P. (June 1959). "Ibn Khaldūn: Histoire des Berbères et des dynasties musulmanes de l'Afrique septentrionale. Traduite de l'arabe par le Baron de Slane. Nouvelle édition publiée sous la direction de Paul Casanova. Tome quatrième … publié par Henri Pérès. [iii], 628 pp. Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1956". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 22 (2): 403. doi:10.1017/s0041977x00069184. ISSN 0041-977X.
  3. ^ Ibn Khaldun : the Mediterranean in the 14th century : rise and fall of Empires : exhibition in the Real Alcázar of Seville, May-September 2006. Ana Serrano, María Jesús. Viguera, Jeronimo Páez López, José María. Cabeza Méndez, Legado Andalusí., Fundación José Manuel Lara. Seville: Fundación El Legado Andalusí. 2006. ISBN 84-96556-33-6. OCLC 276451761.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)