Baykar Bayraktar Mini UAV

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Bayraktar Mini UAV
Artist impression
Role Miniature UAV
National origin Turkey
Manufacturer Baykar
First flight October 2006
Status Active Since December 2007
Primary user Turkish Armed Forces
Produced 2005
Number built 500+

Bayraktar Mini UAV is a miniature UAV produced by Turkish company Baykar.[1][2]


With the concept of short range day and night aerial reconnaissance and surveillance applications, system design activities started within 2004. Initial prototype Bayraktar A has been developed in 2005, and following successful autonomous flight demonstrations, Baykar has been awarded with a contract to start serial production. The first batch of the order by the Turkish Armed Forces was composed of 19 aircraft and they were mainly deployed to the Southeast parts of Turkey to be used in counterterrorism operations.[3] After hundreds of hours flight trials and feed backs, system was subjected to major modifications and superior versions were started to developed. As a result, Bayraktar B Mini UAV Systems fielded and became operational in December 2007 to be initially operated by the Turkish Armed Forces.[4][5] Due to its success in the region, the system was also awarded with an export deal to the Qatar Armed Forces in 2012.[6][7] The developments over the aircraft is being continued. According to the company the most recent version Bayraktar MINI UAV D version has 2 times greater communication range and 3 times higher maximum altitude comparing to its predecessors.[8] [9]


Bayraktar Mini UAV
Bayraktar is launched by a soldier

Bayraktar-B is a hand-launched, portable UAV system, designed to operate under harsh geographic and meteorological conditions.[10][11] Bayraktar-B is fielded with small army units, and as of 2021 have recorded more than 100,000 flight hours.[12] System offers a complete autonomy with protective features with a high rank of reliability and easiness for the operators, which makes it a valuable technological asset.[citation needed]

Main features are:

  • Automatic waypoint navigation
  • Secure digital communication
  • Home Return and automatic parachute landing in case of lost communication
  • Smart battery management system
  • Remote-range command/control and monitor (WAN Relay)
  • Ground control switching
  • Automatic take off
  • Automatic cruising
  • Automatic belly landing / parachute deployment
  • Joystick assisted semi-automatic control
  • Automatic stall control in case of electric motor dysfunction
  • Automatic spin control in case of very harsh wind conditions
  • Real-time Google Earth integration (display of telemetry data, routes etc. in real-time)
  • On-screen video display
  • Target coordinate estimation within 10 meters accuracy
  • Automatic tracking antenna system
  • Enhancing Situational Awareness by FLIR’s Tau Core[13]

Operational history[edit]

Bayraktar Mini UAS is operational since 2007.[14]




portable flight terminal
Specification Bayraktar A Bayraktar B Notes
Length 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in)
Wing Span 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in) 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in), optional 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Weight 3.5 kg (7.7 lb) 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
Power / Source Electric / Battery Electric / Battery
Take Off Hand Launch Hand Launch
Landing Belly Landing Belly Landing / Parachute Landing
Communication Range 10 km (6.2 mi) 15 km (9.3 mi) With Auto Tracking Antenna System
Endurance > 60 minutes > 60 minutes (with 1000 meters operational Altitude)
Operational Altitude 1,000 ft (300 m) 3,000 ft (910 m)
Maximum Altitude 12,000 ft (3,700 m) 12,000 ft (3,700 m)
Cruise Speed 70 km/h (43 mph) 55 km/h (34 mph)
Payload 1 CCD Camera (Fixed Mount) CCD Camera (Tilt Axis Movement) CCD Camera (2 Axis Movement)
Payload 2 Thermal Camera (Fixed Mount) Thermal Camera (Tilt Axis Movement) Thermal Camera (2 Axis Movement)
Structure Composite material Composite material
Operating Crew 2 2


  1. ^ a b "Bayraktar UAV". Army-Technology. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  2. ^ "The three brothers who produced the 'Bayraktar'". 1 June 2010. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014.
  3. ^ Farooq, Umar (May 14, 2019). "How Turkey Defied the U.S. and Became a Killer Drone Power". The Intercept. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  4. ^ Turkish army orders mini-UAVs Archived 2013-10-03 at the Wayback Machine, 8 August 2006
  5. ^ "Bayraktar Mini Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - Army Technology". Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  6. ^ "Turkey sells mini drones to Qatar". 2012-03-13. Archived from the original on 2014-08-09.
  7. ^ "Procurement: Turkey Exports UAVs". 2012-03-19. Archived from the original on 2014-08-09.
  8. ^ "Bayraktar Mini UAV D with Advanced Features is Ready to Enter the Inventory". RayHaber | RaillyNews. 2021-03-22. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  9. ^ Efsane geri döndü: Bayraktar Mini İHA, artık daha gelişmiş özellikleriyle sahada (in Turkish), retrieved 2021-04-08
  10. ^ Turkey's Kalebaykar reveals VTOL UAV demonstrator test programme Archived 2011-08-11 at the Wayback Machine, 14 August 2006
  11. ^ Bayraktar Mini UAV system brochure Archived July 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Baykar Makina
  12. ^ "BAYKAR Technology | Selçuk Bayraktar | Haluk Bayraktar | Bayraktar Mini UAV". Retrieved 2022-01-12.
  13. ^ "Enhancing Situational Awareness for Baykar UAV using FLIR's Tau Core". Archived from the original on 2015-08-18. Retrieved 2015-08-22.
  14. ^ "Bayraktar detected and Firtina hit". 4 February 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014.
  15. ^ "Qatar Purchases 10 Bayraktar sUAV from Turkey". 2012-03-14. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13.
  16. ^ "Middle East UAV landscape up in the air". 12 November 2012. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014.
  17. ^ "Warplanes: Turkish UAV Exports". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-08-22.

External links[edit]