Beardmore Cyclone

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Type Inline piston engine
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer William Beardmore and Company
First run 1922

The Beardmore Cyclone was an aero engine produced by William Beardmore & Co with the aim of producing an engine generating a high power output at low revolutions by designing an engine of large displacement.[1] The design did not enter volume production.

Design and development[edit]

The Cyclone was an upright inline six-cylinder water-cooled engine with a bore of 8.625 in (219 mm) and stroke of 12  in (305 mm) stroke, giving a displacement of 4,207 cu  in (68.9 L). It had a combined crankcase and cylinder block made of aluminium with steel cylinder liners and aluminium pistons. Each cylinder had its own detachable head, with two spark plugs and four valves operated by pushrods driven by a single camshaft. The compression ratio was 5.25 to 1.[1]

The Cyclone was first run in 1922, producing 700 hp (522  kW) at 1,220 rpm. Further development increased output to 850 hp (634 kW) at 1,350 rpm but could produce 950 hp (708 kW) at the same rpm with a larger carburettor.[2]


The Beardmore Typhoon was an inverted version of the Cyclone, with almost all parts being interchangeable between the two engines. It was test flown in Avro Aldershot J6852 in January 1927.[3]

A compression ignition version of the Typhoon was projected and was the original choice of powerplant for the R101 airship, but this version proved impractical.[4]


Data from Flight, 4 November 1926. p. 717. [1]

General characteristics

  • Type: 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline upright layout engine
  • Bore: 8.625 inches (219 mm)
  • Stroke: 12.0 inches (304.8 mm)
  • Displacement: 4,207 in3 (68.9 L)
  • Length: 80.3 in (2 m) tall.
  • Width: 35 in (0.9 m)
  • Height: 61.125 in (1.55 m)
  • Dry weight: 2150 lbs (975.24 kg)


  • Valvetrain: four pushrod-actuated valves per cylinder
  • Cooling system: Water cooling


See also[edit]

Related lists


  1. ^ a b "Beardmore Cyclone, Typhoon, and Simoon". Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  2. ^ The Beardmore "Cyclone" Aero-Engine. Flight, 4 November 1927, pp. 717-8.
  3. ^ Beardmore "Typhoon" Mark I Engine. Flight 27 January 1927, pp. 44-5.
  4. ^ Masefield, P. To Ride the Storm: The Story of Airship R101. London: Kimber, 1983, p.464.