Bernard Friot

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Bernard Friot
Bernard Friot - Bourse du travail de Grasse - feb 2015.png
Born (1946-06-16) June 16, 1946 (age 72)
Academic work
Main interests Political economy, sociology of monetary resources, financing of social protection, trade unionism, social Europe

Bernard Friot is a French sociologist and economist. He is (since 2009) an emeritus professor of Sociology,[1] and previously taught at Paris West University Nanterre La Défense.[2]

He began his academic career in 1971 at the University Institutes of Technology of the University of Lorraine as an assistant and then as a lecturer in economics. His economics PhD thesis relates to the building up of the French social security system between 1920 and 1980. He challenges the interpretation that makes the 1945 Social Security a necessary element of the Fordist era of capitalism. He insists instead on the "anti-capitalist nature of the institutions of socialization of wages".[1]

He leads the European Institute of Wages and a popular education association called Réseau Salariat, which promotes the idea of an "unconditional lifelong salary" (Salaire à vie inconditionnel) as an alternative proposal to the basic income[3] - an idea denounced by Friot as "the spare wheel of capitalism".[4]

His research focuses on the sociology of wages and comparing social protection systems in Europe. His work has also focused on pensions, going against the French government's proposed reforms in 2010. The living wage supported by Bernard Friot is, according to his analyse, the best subversive answer to the 4 main institutions of capitalism : lucrative property (not private property, only private property where profit is taken from), credit (a state does not need to borrow to finance investment), employment market (the central base of capitalism causing the blackmail to unemployment), the assessing of economic value according to the duration of working. To be fully understood, Bernard Friot developed through Reseau-salariat lots of tutoring videos. His goal is to show the "dejà-là", meaning the actual waging by socialized value in the French economic system via the social security, the public employment, etc.


  • The Wage under Attack: Employment Policies in Europe (with Bernadette Clasquin), 2013, PIE-Peter Lang
  • Puissances du salariat, new expanded edition, 2012, ed. La Dispute
  • L’Enjeu du salaire, 2012, ed. La Dispute
  • Comprendre l’écologie politique, UFAL, 2012, chap. 7: "Pour une citoyenneté révolutionnaire" (interview)
  • L’Enjeu des retraites, 2010, ed. La Dispute
  • Wage and Welfare (with Bernadette Clasquin, Nathalie Moncel and Mark Harvey), 2004, PIE-Peter Lang
  • Et la cotisation sociale créera l’emploi, 1999, ed. La Dispute
  • La Construction sociale de l’emploi en France, des années 1960 à aujourd'hui (with José Rose), 1996, ed. L’Harmattan
  • Émanciper le travail - Entretiens avec Patrick Zech, 2014, Éditions La Dispute
  • Vaincre Macron, 2017, ed. La Dispute


  1. ^ a b Bernard Friot (14 August 2013). "Le salariat, c'est la classe révolutionnaire en train de se construire" [The wage is the revolutionary class being built]. L'Humanité (in French). Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ IDHES-Nanterre (17 July 2012). "Page de présentation de Bernard Friot" (in French). Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Frédéric Bosque (9 January 2013). "Citoyen ou salarié à vie ? Analyse critique du " salaire à vie " de Bernard Friot" [Citizen's income or living wage? Critical analysis of Bernard Friot's "living wage"] (in French). Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Marc de Basquiat (11 June 2013). "Bernard Friot embrouille un débat télévisé sur le revenu universel" [Bernard Friot confuses a televised debate on universal income] (in French). Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

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