Bernardim Freire de Andrade

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Bernardim Freire de Andrade
Born 18 February 1759 (1759-02-18)
Lisbon, Portugal
Died 17 March 1809 (1809-03-18) (aged 50)
Braga, Portugal
Allegiance Portugal
Years of service 1781–1809
Rank Lieutenant General
Battles/wars War of the Pyrenees
War of the Oranges
Peninsular War

Bernardim Freire de Andrade (Lisbon, 18 February 1759 – Braga, 17 March 1809), was a Portuguese Army general officer who was assigned to command the forces of the Porto Junta in 1808 during the Peninsular War. The commander of the British invasion force, Sir Arthur Wellesley complained that it was difficult to cooperate with Freire. In March 1809, Freire commanded an army composed mostly of unruly militia which was opposed to Marshal Nicolas Soult's army of professional French soldiers. Freire understood that his poorly trained men stood little chance against the French but he was afraid to order a retreat because he feared for his life. When he tried to leave the army, he was arrested and put in the Braga jail. Soon afterward, a group of militiamen broke into the jail and murdered him. On 20 March, Soult's army attacked and inflicted terrible losses on the Portuguese in the Battle of Braga.

Promotions and Units[edit]

Rank Unit Date
Lieutenant General 2 October 1808
Commandant Chief Army of Operations in Estremadura 22 July 1808
Field Marshal 25 February 1807
Governor of Weapons Porto Party 25 February 1807
Brigadier 25 January 1795
Colonel 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche 17 December 1794
Lieutenant Colonel 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche 24 September 1791
Major 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche 27 April 1790
Captain 5th Company, 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche 27 February 1787
Lieutenant 5th Company, 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche 9 October 1782
Ensign 5th Company, 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche 25 April 1782
Cadet 13th Infantry Regiment of Peniche