Bernreuter Personality Inventory
The Bernreuter Personality Inventory is a personality test developed by Robert G. Bernreuter in 1931 measuring general personality. It is sometimes cited as the first multi-scale personality questionnaire. It consists of 125 yes or no question which yield six scores: neurotic tendency, self-sufficiency, introversion-extraversion, dominance-submission, sociability, and confidence. A 1936 survey of members of the American Psychological Association found that the Bernreuter Personality Inventory was the most well known psychological test.
The inventory became widely used quickly after it was first published, but also attracted many critics who questioned its usefulness and theoretical basis.
The test incorporated questions from the Thurstone Personality Schedule and others.
The test was originally developed with four scales (neurotic tendency, self-sufficiency, introversion-extraversion, dominance-submission) chosen with items chosen logically. The other two scales (sociability, and confidence) came from a factor analysis by John C. Flanagan. The "Flanagan keys" eventually were incorporated into the published version of the test.
- "Bernreuter Personality Inventory". Oxford Reference.
- Pallister, Helen. "American psychologists judge fifty-three vocational tests." Journal of Applied Psychology 20.6 (1936): 761.
- Super, Donald E. "The Bernreuter Personality Inventory: a review of research." Psychological Bulletin 39.2 (1942): 94.
- BANKS, CHARLOTTE, and GERTRUDE KEIR. "A factorial analysis of items in the Bernreuter Personality Inventory." British Journal of Statistical Psychology 5.1 (1952): 19-29.